Douglas-fir Tree Names, Pictures and Types of Pseudotsuga Species
|Picture of a Douglas-fir Tree|
Picture of a Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir
(Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca).
Picture of Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir
needles and cones
(Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca).
Pseudotsuga is a genus of large evergreen coniferous tree species, commonly known names are; Douglas-fir, Oregon pine, Douglas tree, and Douglas fir. There are 2 species native to western North America and four in eastern Asia (three Chinese and one Japanese), see table of tree names below.
History of the tree name;
The common name "Douglas-fir" honors David Douglas, the Scottish botanist who first introduced Pseudotsuga menziesii to Scotland in 1827. The hyphen in the name indicates that Douglas-firs are not true Firs, only that they look like Firs and were once classified with them (Genus Abies).
In the past these species of trees have been botanically classified in the genera groups of other trees of similar appearance such as in genus; Abies, Pinus, Picea, Sequoia, and Tsuga. These species were eventually classified into their own genera group by the French botanist Carrière in 1867, he grouped them by using their distinctive cones, and called the genera group "Pseudotsuga" meaning "False Hemlock". The genus name is also accepted as a hyphenated name; Pseudo-tsuga.
Douglas-fir (specifically Pseudotsuga menziesii ) is one of the most commonly marketed Live Christmas tree species in the United States.
Douglas-fir or Oregon pine wood is used extensively in the construction industry, especially for structural purposes that are required to withstand heavy transverse loads. Coast Douglas-fir, or Oregon pine (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii) is used in boat building when it is available in long, knot-free lengths. This wood was also used in boat mast building due to its ability to resist bending transverse loads without fracturing. Native Coast Douglas-fir, or Oregon pine is much heavier per unit than Sitka spruce, and Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata).
Douglas-fir trees are also used as popular Landscaping trees especially in the northern United States, with may Cultivars of Pseudotsuga menziesii available such as; 'El Dorado', 'Fastigiata', 'Glauca Pendula', 'Graceful Grace', 'Hess Select Blue', 'Pendula', 'Seattle Mountain', 'Skyline', and 'Torquis'.
Facts about Douglas-fir Trees of the Pseudotsuga Genus
- Genus Latin Scientific Name = Pseudotsuga.
- Genus Latin Name Pronunciation: "SOO-doh SOO-guh"
- Genus Latin Name Meaning: False Tsuga (False Hemlock)
- Genus Common Names = Douglas-fir, Oregon pine, Douglas tree. List of other Pseudotsuga Vernacular Names
- Number of Taxa (types) in the Pseudotsuga Genus = 11
List of Douglas-fir Trees, Pseudotsuga Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
|Botanical Tree Name||Common Tree Name|
|Pseudotsuga brevifolia||Short-leaf Chinese Douglas-fir|
|Pseudotsuga forrestii||Yunnan Douglas-fir|
|Pseudotsuga japonica||Japanese Douglas-fir ( トガサワラ )|
|Pseudotsuga lindleyana||Mexican Douglas-fir|
|Pseudotsuga macrocarpa||Bigcone Douglas-fir|
|Pseudotsuga menziesii||Douglas-fir, Oregon Pine, Red Fir, Yellow Fir, False Spruce|
|Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca||Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir, Colorado Douglas Fir, Interior Douglas-fir ,Blue Douglas Fir|
|Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii||Coast Douglas-fir, Oregon pine, Green Douglas-fir, Douglas spruce|
|Pseudotsuga sinensis||Chinese Douglas-fir|
|Pseudotsuga sinensis var. sinensis||Chinese Douglas-fir|
|Pseudotsuga sinensis var. wilsoniana||Taiwan Douglas-fir|
List of Tree Names last up-dated on
Douglas-fir Tree Bark
Some Douglas-fir Trees are Champion Trees;
Tallest Tree in the United Kingdom;
As of December 2013, the tallest tree in the United Kingdom is a coast Douglas-fir. The tree is growing near Dunans Castle in Argyll, Scotland, is called the Stronardron Douglas-fir and stands at 63.79m (209ft). Up until 2009, the Douglas-fir tree "Dughall Mor" growing in Reelig Glen, near Inverness Scotland, was the tallest tree ever recorded in the United Kingdom.
Some of the Largest Trees in the world;
The largest (by volume) known Douglas-firs in the world are:
- Red Creek Tree (Red Creek, SW British Columbia) 12,320 cubic feet (349 m3)
- Queets Fir (Queets River Valley-Olympic National Park) 11,710 cubic feet (332 m3)
- Tichipawa (Quinalt Lake Rain Forest-Olympic National Park) 10,870 cubic feet (308 m3)
- Rex (Quinalt Lake Rain Forest-Olympic National Park) 10,200 cubic feet (290 m3)
- Ol' Jed (Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park) 10,040 cubic feet (284 m3)
- English: Douglas-fir, Oregon Pine
- Ceština: Douglaska
- Deutsch: Douglasien
- Eesti: Ebatsuuga
- Esperanto: Pseudocugo
- Hrvatski: Duglazija
- македонски: Дуглазија
- Polski: Jedlica
- Suomi: Douglaskuuset
- українська: Псевдотсуга
- 日本語: ：トガサワラ