Peach Tree Pictures and Names of (Prunus persica)
|Picture of a Peach Tree|
Picture of Peach Tree Fruit
Picture of a Peach tree
The Peach Tree, Prunus persica is a flowering deciduous woody tree growing to a mature height of 4-10m (13-33ft) and a trunk diameter of up to 15cm (6in). The flowers bear a well known edible juicy fruit called a "Peach" or a "Nectarine". The flowers are pink in color, produced in early spring before the leaves, arrangements can be solitary or paired, with five petals each.
All Peach trees are descended from the wild Chinese Peach, native to the Northwest region of China where it was first domesticated and cultivated for its fruit approximately 4000 - 5000 years ago, see Growing Peach Trees.
Facts about the Peach Trees, (Prunus persica) species of trees for identification;
- Species Scientific Name = persica
- Species Latin Name Pronunciation: PER-see-kuh
- Species Latin Name Meaning: Of or from Persia
- Species Common Names = Peach, Peachtree. List of Prunus persica Vernacular Names
- Number of Taxa included within the Prunus persica Species = 3
- Prunus persica - Peach, Peacherine
- Prunus persica var. nucipersica - Nectarine (Prunus persica var. nectarina)
- Prunus persica var. platycarpa - Saturn Peach, Doughnut (Donut) Peach, Paraguayo Peach, Pan tao Peach, Saucer Peach, Belly-up Peach, UFO Peach, Flat Peach, Pita Peach, Hat Peach, Custard Peach, Squashed Peach
Favorable growing conditions will vary among varieties and cultivars, and instructions and tips should be sought and followed upon purchasing any Peach tree from a local nursery or greenhouse.
Where to Grow Peach Trees;
Peach trees can be grown in the following climate Zones; Dry Temperate regions with some sub freezing temperatures to satisfy the trees chilling requirements. Tropical or subtropical areas generally cannot provide the cold temperatures needed except at high altitudes. Most Peach cultivars grow consistently well with winter lowest temperatures as follows;
- USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F)
- USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F)
- USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
- USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F)
- USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F)
- USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F)
- USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F)
- USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F)
- USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F)
- USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F)
This list covers a broad range for most Peach tree cultivars, and acceptable survivable limits will vary depending on each cultivar (Not all Peach cultivars will survive or thrive in USDA zone 4b, for example). Summer heat is required to mature the Peach fruit crop, with mean temperatures of the hottest month between 20 and 30 °C (68 and 86 °F). If purchased, each type of Peach cultivar should come with cold hardiness tolerance information, specific to that cultivar.
If possible, try to buy Peach trees locally, as nurseries will usually carry only trees that will thrive in their area. If no Peach trees are sold locally, it still may be possible to grow them, however research into which cultivar will best suit your local climate must be made.
Temperature Chilling Requirements for Peach Trees
Most cultivars require 500 hours of chilling around 0 to 10 °C (32 to 50 °F). Once the chilling period is fulfilled, buds break and grow when there is sufficient warm weather favorable for growth.
Note; Flower bud death begins to occur between -15 and -25 °C (5 and -13 °F), depending on the cultivar. The timing of winter cold spells is critical also, as the buds become less tolerant in late winter or early spring.
Peach Tree Spring Frost Damage
The trees flower fairly early (in March in western Europe) and the blossom can be damaged or killed if temperatures drop below about -4°C (25°F). If the flowers are not fully open, they can tolerate a few degrees colder.
Peach Tree Rootstock Species
Most Peach trees sold by tree nurseries are cultivars that are budded or grafted onto suitable rootstock. This is done to improve predictability and quality of the fruit. Common rootstocks tree species are;
- Prunus persica 'Nemaguard' - Nemaguard Peach. A vigorous grower and extremely disease resistant. Hardy to -20°F, proven resistance to nematodes, more resistant to crown gall than other rootstocks and widely used for rootstock among other Prunus genus fruit trees such as almonds and plums.
- Prunus persica 'Nemared' - NemaredPeach
- Prunus persica 'Lovell' - Lovell Peach
- Prunus persica 'Halford' - Halford Peach
- Prunus persica 'Guardian' - Available from several Tennessee nurseries
- Prunus persica 'Flordaguard' - A nematode-resistant rootstock developed in Florida.
- Prunus persica × Prunus dulcis 'Green Leaf Titan' - A Peach × almond hybrid, seed propagated rootstock developed in California. Available from Brights Nursery (5246 South Plainsburg Road, Le Grand, California 95333, 209-389-4511)
- Prunus persica × Prunus dulcis 'Red Leaf Titan' - A Peach × almond hybrid, seed propagated rootstock developed in California. Available from Brights Nursery (5246 South Plainsburg Road, Le Grand, California 95333, 209-389-4511)
- Prunus persica × Prunus dulcis 'Hansen' A Peach × almond hybrid, cutting propagated rootstock developed in California. Available from Burchell Nursery (P.O. Box 8200, Fresno, California 93747, 209-834-1681).
- Prunus besseyi - Rocky Mountain cherry or Western sand cherry
Sun Exposure For Peach Trees;
Peach trees need full sun, and a layout that allows good natural air flow to assist the thermal environment for the tree. Peaches are planted in early winter. During the growth season, Peach trees need a regular and reliable supply of water, with higher amounts just before harvest.
Peach Tree Fertilizer Requirements;
Peach trees require nitrogen rich fertilizers such as calcium ammonium nitrate. Without regular nitrogen rich fertilizer applications, Peach tree leaves can start turning yellow or exhibit stunted growth if growing in poor soils. Natural organic fertilizers such as Blood meal, bone meal, and Fish meal will be most beneficial.
Growing Peach Trees For The Best Tasting Fruit;
The number of flowers on a Peach tree should be thinned out by branch, because if all the flowers are allowed to develop into mature Peaches on a branch, they will be under-sized and reduced in flavor. Commercial Peach Tree fruits are thinned midway in the season by the growers. Fresh Peach fruits are easily bruised, and do not store well. The Peach fruit will taste the best when they ripen on the tree and are eaten the day they are picked.
Trimming and Training Peach Trees
The Peach tree can be trained to grow in an espalier shape to be more productive for fruit in some orchard setups. A good example is the Baldassari palmette, which is a palmette design created around 1950 used primarily for training Peaches. This can be used in gardens or orchards that have walls constructed from stone or brick, or fence lines. Stone or brick walls have an advantage in Northern climates for Peach Trees, as they can absorb and retain solar heat during the day, then it is slowly released during the evening or early night. This action of raising the temperature against the wall allows Peach trees to be grown as espaliers against south facing walls as far north as southeast England and southern Ireland.
Peach Tree Propagation Methods:
- By grafting
- By budding
Peach trees may grow from seed, however offspring trees will not become true fruit producing trees.
List of Peach Tree (Prunus persica) Cultivars;
- Prunus persica × Prunus persica var. nectarina - Peacharine
Afrikaans: Perske aragonés: Presiquera
العربية: دراق (نبات)
azərbaycanca: Adi şaftalı
Bikol Central: Melokoton
Nēhiyawēwin / ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ: Min kamilauat
čeština: Broskvoň obecná, Broskev
español: Melocotón, durazno, nectarina, paraguaya
galego: Pexegueiro (árbore), Pexego
Kreyòl ayisyen: Pèch (fwi)
Bahasa Indonesia: Persik
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಪೀಚ್ (peach)
한국어: 복숭아, 복사나무
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: ژٕنُن
Kurdî: Xox (riwek)
Bahasa Melayu: Pic
नेपाल भाषा: बःसि
norsk nynorsk: Fersken
norsk bokmål: Fersken
Diné bizaad: Dzidzétsoh
polski: Brzoskwinia zwyczajna
português: Pessegueiro, Pêssego
português do Brasil: Pessegueiro Runa
sardu: Pèssighe, Pressiu
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Breskva
slovenčina: Broskyňa obyčajná
српски / srpski: Бресква
lea faka-Tonga: Piisi
Tiếng Việt: Đào (thực vật)