Poplar Tree Names, Pictures and Types of Populus Species
|Picture of a Poplar Tree|
Picture of a Fastigiate Black Poplar
(Populus nigra 'Plantierensis')
Poplar trees (Populus Species) have many common names, such as Balsam Poplars, Bigleaf Poplars, Black Poplars, Mexican Poplars, Necklace Poplars and Subtropical Poplars. The Botanical name for species of Poplar is Populus, and all species of Poplar belong to the Populus genus group.
There are other species of Populus that are not known as Poplar in English, some of their names are Aspen and Cottonwood. This page focuses on all species known as Poplar in English. For other species that are not listed here see the full list of Populus species in the Populus Genus index.
Poplar trees are grown as ornamental, landscaping trees, with numerous cultivars produced and used. These trees have the advantage of growing very large and very quickly. Commercial propagation is easy as most Poplars take root readily from cuttings. Poplar Trees with a fastigiate (erect, columnar) branching growth habit are very popular, and are common across Europe, North America and southwest Asia. Poplar trees are grown and used for Biofuel energy production, and Poplar wood is used in manufacturing, see Poplar tree uses.
Facts about Poplar Trees of the Populus Genus
- Genus Latin Scientific Name = Populus.
- Genus Latin Name Pronunciation: POP-yoo-lus
- Genus Latin Name Meaning: Latin for a group of people, nation, civilians, region, multitude of.
- Species Common Names = Poplar. List of other Poplar Species Vernacular Names. See pages for Aspen Trees and Cottonwood Tree names.
List of Poplar species known as Poplar Trees, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
|Botanical Tree Name||Common Tree Name|
|Populus alba||Silver Poplar, Silverleaf Poplar, White Poplar, Abele, (German; Silber-Pappel), (French; peuplier blanc), (Spanish; álamo blanco), (Swedish; Silverpoppel)|
|Populus angustifolia||Willow-leaved Poplar, Narrowleaf Cottonwood|
|Populus balsamifera||Balsam Poplar, Ontario Balsam Poplar|
|Populus ×berolinensis||Berlin Poplar, Berlin laurel Poplar, Berliner Pappel (A Hybrid)|
|Populus ×brayshawii||Hybrid Balsam Poplar (A Hybrid)|
|Populus ×canadensis||Canadian Poplar, Carolina Poplar, Hybrid Black Poplar, Bastard-Schwarz-Pappel, Kanada-Pappel (A Hybrid)|
|Populus ×canescens||Gray Poplar, Grey Poplar, Matchwood Poplar, Grau-Pappel, Peuplier Grisard (A Hybrid)|
|Populus euphratica||Euphrates Poplar|
|Populus ×generosa||Generous Poplar, Balm-of-Gilead (A Hybrid)|
|Populus guzmanantlensis||Mexican Poplar|
|Populus heimburgeri||Heimburger's Poplar|
|Populus hinckleyana||Hinckley's Poplar|
|Populus ilicifolia||Tana River Poplar|
|Populus ×inopina||Hybrid Black Poplar (A Hybrid)|
|Populus koreana||Korean Poplar|
|Populus lasiocarpa||Chinese Necklace Poplar|
|Populus laurifolia||Laurel-leaf Poplar|
|Populus maximowiczii||Maximowicz' Poplar, Japanese Poplar|
|Populus mexicana||Mexico Poplar|
|Populus nigra||Black Poplar, Lombardy's Poplar|
|Populus parryi||Parry's Poplar, Parry's Cottonwood|
|Populus simonii||Simon's Poplar|
|Populus smithii||Smith's Poplar|
|Populus suaveolens||Mongolian Poplar|
|Populus szechuanica||Sichuan Poplar|
|Populus trichocarpa||Western Balsam Poplar, California Poplar, Black Cottonwood|
|Populus ussuriensis||Ussuri Poplar|
|Populus wilsonii||Wilson's Poplar|
|Populus yunnanensis||Yunnan Poplar|
List of Tree Names last up-dated on
Poplar Roots can cause problems;
Poplars, like Willows, have very invasive and vigorous root systems stretching up to 40m (131ft) from the tree trunk, thus planting Poplar trees near to buildings may result in damaged foundations and cracked walls. Paved areas will eventually get damaged from the shallow roots that expand with time, uplifting and sprouting through the paved area. Poplar roots are very good at seeking out water, and will spread out around the water sources, so be aware that ceramic drainage pipes might eventually be compromised via a crack or joint, and fill with thirsty roots.
Poplar Trees for Energy;
- Some Poplar species are grown as an energy crop for biofuel, sometimes as biomass for charcoal products. Poplar species are suitable because of their quick growth, its high energy-in / energy-out ratio, and large carbon mitigation potential.
- Poplar and Willow are grown in the United Kingdom as a short rotation coppice system (with single or multiple stems) for two to five years till harvest. The harvested biomass is usaly burned, as biofuel for energy instead of non-renewable energy sources such as coal. The harvested yield from some species of Poplar can be as high as 12 oven dry tones every year per tree.
Poplar Trees in Manufacturing;
- Fast growing hybrid Poplars types are grown on plantations for pulpwood production.
- Poplar wood is used all over the northern hemisphere for paper manufacturing and similar products such as cheap cardboard.
- Poplar wood grows quickly, making it cheaper to produce than other hardwoods. This inexpensive hardwood timber can be used for cheap plywood, matches, pallets and camembert cheese boxes.
- Poplar wood is commonly used in snowboards as the snowboard core, as it has great flexibility and is light-weight. Some musical instruments are made from Poplar, such as the bodies of electric guitars and drums.
- Poplar wood has a high tannic acid content, the bark has been used in Europe for tanning leather.
حور (شجرة) :العربية
Aragonés: Alamos, Albars
Corsu: Piobu (genaru)
Eesti: Pappel, Haab
Gaelg: Pobbyl (billey)
Bahasa Indonesia: Populus
Íslenska: Ösp (ættkvísl)
Nederlands: populier / sikkeldikblad
Norsk bokmål: Poppelslekten
Picard: Caroline, Grisard, Peupe
Runa Simi: Alamu
Саха тыла: Тирэх
Српски / srpski: Топола (дрво)
Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Topola (drvo)
Suomi: Haavat, poppelit
Tiếng Việt: Chi Dương
Vepsän kel’: Topol'