List of Pine Tree Species Names of the Pinus Genus

Picture of a Pine Tree
Jeffrey Pine, (Pinus jeffreyi)
Photo of a Pine Tree
Pine needles and cones
Picture of Pine needles and Pine cones

Pine trees are all evergreens and possess needles as leaves and cones as part of their reproductive system. All pines are resinous Coniferous trees. Some Pine species grow as shrubs instead of trees. Pine trees can be found on all continents around the world except Antarctica.

Facts about the Pinus Genus of Trees
  • Genus Latin Scientific Name: Pinus
  • Genus Latin Name Pronunciation: PY-nus
  • Genus Latin Name Meaning: An old name for Pine
  • Genus Common Names: Pine
  • Pine trees can be divided into three subgenera;
    1. Pinus Subgenus Pinus; the yellow or hard pine tree groups.
    2. Pinus Subgenus Strobus; the white or soft pine tree groups.
    3. Pinus Subgenus Ducampopinus; the Foxtail or Pinyon tree groups.
  • Number of Taxa in the Pinus Genus = 121
Pine trees can be divided into two groups according to branch set production;
  1. Uninodal, producing one whorl of branches each year, from buds at the tip of the current year's main trunk shoot.
  2. Multinodal, producing two or more whorls of branches per year.

Pine tree branches are produced during upward growth of the main steam shoot, braches appearing in regular "pseudo whorls", (a very tight spiral but appearing like a set of branches all branching out from the same height on the main trunk). Interestingly, the spiral arrangement of branches, needles, and cone scales resemble Fibonacci number ratios (following the numeric golden rule in nature). On Pine trees, the new shoots of branches are sometimes called "candles". The "Candles" consist of a bud scale either brown or cream color, pyramidal in shape pointing upwards, covering a wad of new needles surrounding the branch bud. The bud scale eventually falls off and the needles spread outward.

The bark on most Pine trees is typically layers of scaly flakes, thick and cracked, brown in color and scented by the resin. Some Pine tree species have a thin flaky bark, when on close observation chunks of bark can be seen just hanging on or flaking off.

List of all Pine Trees, Pinus Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
List of Pine Tree Species Names
Botanical Tree NameCommon Tree Name
Pinus albicaulis Whitebark Pine
Pinus amamiana Yakushima White Pine
Pinus apulcensis Apulco Pine
Pinus aristata Rocky Mountains Bristlecone Pine
Pinus arizonica Arizona Pine
Pinus armandii Chinese White Pine
Pinus attenuata Knobcone Pine
Pinus ayacahuite Mexican White Pine
Pinus balfouriana Foxtail Pine
Pinus banksiana Jack Pine
Pinus bhutanica Bhutan White Pine
Pinus brutia Turkish Pine
Pinus bungeana Lacebark Pine
Pinus canariensis Canary Island Pine
Pinus caribaea Caribbean Pine
Pinus cembra Swiss Pine
Pinus cembroides Mexican Pinyon
Pinus chiapensis Chiapas Pine
Pinus clausa Sand Pine
Pinus contorta Lodgepole Pine
Pinus cooperi Cooper's Pine
Pinus coulteri Coulter Pine
Pinus cubensis Cuban Pine
Pinus culminicola Potosi Pinyon
Pinus dabeshanensis Dabieshan Pine
Pinus dalatensis Vietnamese White Pine
Pinus densata Sikang Pine
Pinus densiflora Japanese Red Pine
Pinus devoniana Michoacan Pine
Pinus discolor Border Pinyon
Pinus durangensis Durango Pine
Pinus echinata Shortleaf Pine
Pinus edulis Colorado Pinyon
Pinus elliottii Slash Pine
Pinus engelmannii Apache Pine
Pinus eremitana North Vietnamese White Pine
Pinus fenzeliana Hainan White Pine
Pinus flexilis Limber Pine
† Pinus foisyi (extinct)
Pinus fragilissima Pinus fragilissima
Pinus gerardiana Chilgoza Pine
Pinus glabra Spruce Pine
Pinus greggii Gregg's Pine
Pinus halepensis Aleppo Pine
Pinus hartwegii Hartweg's Pine
Pinus heldreichii Bosnian Pine
Pinus henryi Henry's Pine
Pinus herrerae Herrera's Pine
Pinus hwangshanensis Huangshan Pine
Pinus jaliscana Jalisco Pine
Pinus jeffreyi Jeffrey Pine
Pinus johannis Johann's Pinyon
† Pinus johndayensis (extinct) Oligocene
Pinus kesiya Khasi Pine
Pinus koraiensis Korean Pine
Pinus krempfii Krempf's Pine
Pinus lambertiana Sugar Pine
Pinus latteri Tenasserim Pine
Pinus lawsonii Lawson's Pine
Pinus leiophylla Chihuahua Pine
Pinus longaeva Great Basin Bristlecone Pine
Pinus luchuensis Luchu Pine
Pinus lumholtzii Lumholtz's Pine
Pinus massoniana Masson's Pine
† Pinus matthewsii (extinct) Pliocene, Yukon Territory, Canada
Pinus maximartinezii Big cone Pinyon
Pinus maximinoi Thinleaf Pine
Pinus merkusii Sumatran Pine
Pinus monophylla Single leaf Pinyon
Pinus montezumae Montezuma Pine
Pinus monticola Western White Pine
Pinus morrisonicola Taiwan White Pine
Pinus mugo Mountain Pine
Pinus muricata Bishop Pine
Pinus nelsonii Nelson's Pinyon
Pinus nigra European Black Pine
Pinus occidentalis Hispaniolan Pine
Pinus oocarpa Egg cone Pine
Pinus orizabensis Orizaba Pinyon
Pinus orthophylla Pinus orthophylla
Pinus palustris Longleaf Pine
Pinus parviflora Japanese White Pine
Pinus patula Patula Pine
Pinus peuce Macedonian Pine
Pinus pinaster Maritime Pine
Pinus pinceana Weeping Pinyon
Pinus pinea Stone Pine
Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa Pine
Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosaWashoe Pine, Pacific Ponderosa Pine
Pinus ponderosa var. scopulorumRocky Mountain Ponderosa Pine
Pinus praetermissa McVaugh's Pine
Pinus pringlei Pringle's Pine
Pinus pseudostrobus Smooth bark Mexican Pine
Pinus pumila Siberian Dwarf Pine
Pinus pungens Table Mountain Pine
Pinus quadrifolia Parry Pinyon
Pinus radiata Monterey Pine
Pinus reflexa Southwestern White Pine, see Limber Pine
Pinus remota Texas Pinyon or Papershell Pinyon
Pinus resinosa Red Pine
Pinus rigida Pitch Pine
Pinus roxburghii Chir Pine
Pinus rzedowskii Rzedowski's Pinyon
Pinus sabiniana Gray Pine
Pinus serotina Pond Pine
Pinus sibirica Siberian Pine
Pinus squamata Qiaojia Pine
Pinus strobiformis Chihuahua White Pine
Pinus strobus Eastern White Pine
Pinus stylesii Pinus stylesii
Pinus sylvestris Scots Pine
Pinus tabuliformis Chinese Red Pine
Pinus taeda Loblolly Pine
Pinus taiwanensis Taiwan Red Pine
Pinus tecunumanii Tecun Uman Pine
Pinus teocote Ocote Pine
Pinus thunbergii Japanese Black Pine
Pinus torreyana Torrey Pine
Pinus tropicalis Tropical Pine
Pinus virginiana Virginia Pine
Pinus wallichiana Blue Pine
Pinus wangii Guangdong White Pine
Pinus yunnanensis Yunnan Pine

Pine Tree List last up-dated on

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