Bottlebrush Tree Names and Types of Callistemon Species

Picture of a Bottlebrush Tree
Bottlebrush Tree
A Bottlebrush Tree in Florida

Bottlebrush is the English common name for the Callistemon genus of 34 species of trees and shrubs. They are all native to Australia and they are not deciduous, they are evergreen. Bottlebrushes are found in the more temperate regions of Australia, mainly along the east coast and south-west, as most species of them favor moist conditions.

Species of Callistemon are known as Bottlebrushes because of their cylindrical brush like flowers resembling a traditional bottle brush. Bottlebrush trees are relatively slow growing, however given enough time the larger species can grow up to 15 m (49 ft) tall. Some species grow as shrubs, reaching to only 0.5 m (1.6 ft) tall. Bottlebrush leaves have a lovely fragrance which gets released on crushing the leaves with hands. Some of the Bottlebrush species are drought resistant.

Bottlebrush trees tend to flower in the spring and early summer seasons. However certain conditions may cause flowering at other times of the year. The most obvious parts of the flowers are the stamens, with pollen at the tip of the filaments. These stamens dictate the color of the flower, as the flower petals are hard to see, (inconspicuous) see picture. Flowers vary in color depending on species, most are red, but some are yellow, green, orange or white. Each flower head produces a seed capsule around a stem which remain on the plant with the seeds enclosed until stimulated to open when the plant dies or fire causes the release of the seeds.

Facts about the Callistemon Genus of Trees
List of Bottlebrush Trees, Callistemon Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
List of Bottlebrush Tree Names
Botanical Tree NameCommon Tree Name
Callistemon acuminatus Tapering-leaved Bottlebrush
Callistemon brachyandrus Prickly Bottlebrush
Callistemon chisholmii ¡ ?
Callistemon citrinus Crimson Bottlebrush
Callistemon coccineus ¡ ?
Callistemon comboynensis Cliff Bottlebrush
Callistemon flavovirens Green Bottlebrush
Callistemon formosus ¡ ?
Callistemon forresterae ¡ ?
Callistemon genofluvialis ¡ ?
Callistemon glaucus ¡ ?
Callistemon kenmorrisonii Betka Bottlebrush
Callistemon linearifolius ¡ ?
Callistemon linearis ¡ ?
Callistemon montanus Mountain Bottlebrush
Callistemon nervosus ¡ ?
Callistemon nyallingensis ¡ ?
Callistemon pachyphyllus Wallum Bottlebrush
Callistemon pallidus Lemon Bottlebrush
Callistemon pauciflorus Desert Bottlebrush
Callistemon pearsonii ¡ ?
Callistemon phoeniceus Lesser Bottlebrush
Callistemon pinifolius Pine-leaved Bottlebrush
Callistemon pityoides Alpine Bottlebrush
Callistemon polandii ¡ ?
Callistemon pungens ¡ ?
Callistemon recurvus ¡ ?
Callistemon rigidus Stiff Bottlebrush
Callistemon rugulosus Scarlet Bottlebrush
Callistemon salignus Willow Bottlebrush, White Bottlebrush
Callistemon shiressii ¡ ?
Callistemon sieberi River Bottlebrush
Callistemon subulatus ¡ ?
Callistemon teretifolius Needle Bottlebrush, Flinders Ranges Bottlebrush
Callistemon viminalis Weeping Bottlebrush
Callistemon viridiflorus ¡ ?
Callistemon wimmerensis Wimmera Bottlebrush

List of Bottlebrush trees last updated on

Bottlebrush Tree Pictures and Photos

Bottlebrush (Callistemon) Cultivars;

  • 'Bob Bailey' - Seedling of Callistemon viminalis
  • 'Burgundy' - Seedling of Callistemon 'Reeves Pink'
  • 'Candle Glow' - Seedling of Callistemon pallidus, also known as 'Austraflora Candle Glow'
  • 'Cane's Hybrid'
  • 'Captain Cook'
  • 'Cinderella' - Garden origin
  • 'Country Sprite' - Seedling of 'Glasshouse Country'
  • 'Dawson River Weeper' - Form of Callistemon viminalis from Dawson River area, Queensland, Australia.
  • 'Demesne Rowena' - Cross of two Callistemon citrinus cultivars 'Splendens' and 'White Anzac'
  • 'Endeavour' see 'Splendens'
  • 'Eureka'
  • 'Firebrand' - Originally registered as 'Austraflora Firebrand', seedling of unknown origin first planted in 1973
  • 'Glasshouse Country' - Cross between Callistemon recurvus (Synonym: Tinaroo) and Callistemon salignus
  • 'Glasshouse Gem' - Cross between Callistemon recurvus (Synonym: Tinaroo) and Callistemon salignus, originated mid 1960s
  • 'Hannah Ray'
  • 'Hannah's Child' - Cross between 'Hannah Ray' and 'Kings Park Special' selected in 1987
  • 'Harkness' - Also known as 'Gawler' or 'Gawler Hybrid'. Seedling of Callistemon citrinus obtained in 1937
  • 'Jeffersii'
  • 'Kempsey' - Seedling of 'Maffra Pastel Pink'
  • 'Kings Park Special' - Seedling of unknown origin raised in Kings Park, Perth, Australia
  • 'Lilacinus'
  • 'Little John' Dwarf shrub selected by Ken Dunstan of Alstonville, New South Wales Australia
  • 'Mary MacKillop' 'Hannah Ray' x 'Splendens'. Released by Austraflora in 2001
  • 'Matthew Flinders'
  • 'Mauve Mist' - Seedling of 'Reeves Pink'
  • 'Moonbeam' see 'White Anzac'
  • 'Ngungun Red' - Also known as 'Ngun Ngun', seedling of Callistemon recurvus x Callistemon salignus first planted in 1981
  • 'Packers Selection'- Seedling from Callistemon subulatus
  • 'Perth Pink' - Seedling selection of Callistemon salignus
  • 'Pink Sensation' - Seedling of 'Glasshouse Gem'
  • 'Prolific' - Form of Callistemon viminalis from Dalby, Queensland, Australia
  • 'Red Reika' - Seedling selection from 'Harkness'
  • 'Reeves Pink' - Seedling of unknown parentage from Cheltenham, Victoria, Australia. It does however share characteristics with Callistemon citrinus
  • 'Rose Opal' - Selected form of Callistemon viminalis from Wappa Falls on the Maroochy River, Queensland, Australia
  • 'Sallyann' - Selected pink flowered form of Callistemon paludosus
  • 'Smoke Salmon' - Selected pink flowering form of Callistemon pachyphyllus from Runaway Bay, Queensland, Australia, first cultivated in 1976
  • 'Splendens' - A form of Callistemon citrinus of unknown origin, promoted in 1970 under the name 'Endeavour' by the Australian nursery industry
  • 'Tin-Sal Glow' - Thought to be a hybrid of 'Glasshouse Country' and Callistemon recurvus (Synonym: Tinaroo).
  • 'Western Glory' - Seedling of Callistemon citrinus selected in Wanneroo, Western Australia
  • 'White Anzac' - White flowering form selected from a naturally occurring population in New South Wales, Australia. The cultivar 'Moonbeam' registered in 1964 is regarded as a synonym.
  • 'Wilderness White' - White flowering naturally occurring form from Copper Load Falls Dam, north Queensland, Australia.
  • 'Wollumbin' - Salmon flowering form of Callistemon viminalis raised in Wollumbin, New South Wales, Australia.
  • 'Woolomin Sparkler' - Hybrid of a pink flowering form of Callistemon salignus and 'Harkness' or Callistemon citrinus selected in 1987.

List of Bottlebrush (Callistemon) Vernacular Names;

de: Zylinderputzer
no: Flaskebørsteslekten
pl: Kuflik
русский: Каллистемон
или: Красивотычиночник
中文: 紅千層屬
Svenska: Lampborstsläktet