Araucaria Tree Names, Pictures and Types of the Araucaria Genus

Picture of a
Monkey puzzle Tree
Monkey puzzle tree (Araucaria araucana)
Photo of a Monkey puzzle tree
(Araucaria araucana)

Some Araucaria trees are known as Monkey puzzle trees in English. Many Araucaria trees have the word "Pine" as part of their common name, although they are not true Pines at all. The "type species" is the Monkey Puzzle Tree (Araucaria araucana).

Facts about Araucaria Trees of the Araucaria Genus
  • Genus Latin Scientific Name: Araucaria.
  • Genus Latin Name Pronunciation: air-ah-KAIR-ee-uh
  • Genus Latin Name Meaning: Named for the Araucarian Indians of Patagonia
  • Genus Common Names: Araucaria. List of other Araucaria Vernacular Names
  • Number of Taxa (types) in the Araucaria Genus = 21
List of Araucaria Trees, Araucaria Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
List of Araucaria Trees (Araucaria) Species Names
Botanical Tree NameCommon Tree Name
Araucaria angustifolia Brazilian pine, Candelabra tree, Paraná pine (pinheiro-do-paraná, araucária or pinheiro brasileiro)
Araucaria araucana Monkey puzzle tree, Monkey tail tree, Monkey puzzler tree, Chilean pine, Chile pine, Pehuén, Araucaria du Chili, Chilenische Araukarie
Araucaria bernieri Bernier's columnar araucaria
Araucaria bidwillii Bunya pine, bunya-bunya
Araucaria biramulata Biramule araucaria, Piggyback araucaria
Araucaria columnaris (syn. Araucaria excelsa)Cook pine, Cook araucaria, Columnar araucaria, Coral reef araucaria, New Caledonia pine
Araucaria cunninghamiiHoop pine, Moreton Bay pine, Richmond River pine, Colonial pine, Queensland pine, Dorrigo pine
Araucaria cunninghamii var. cunninghamiiGeo Location specific; (Australia, from northeast New South Wales to east-central Queensland, at 0-1,000 m altitude)
Araucaria cunninghamii var. papuanaGeo Location specific; (New Guinea, on the mountains of Papua New Guinea, and in Irian Jaya, Indonesia, at 100-2,700 m altitude)
Araucaria heterophylla (syn. Araucaria excelsa var. glauca)Norfolk Island pine, Star pine, Triangle tree, Living Christmas tree
Araucaria humboldtensisHumboldt's araucaria
Araucaria hunsteiniiKlinkii or Klinki
Araucaria laubenfelsiiDe Laubenfels' araucaria
Araucaria luxuriansCoast araucaria, Sapin de Noël
Araucaria montanaMountain araucaria (The Latin specific epithet "montana" refers to mountains or coming from mountains)
Araucaria muelleriMueller's araucaria, chandelier araucaria
Araucaria nemorosaBoise araucaria, Port Boisé Araucaria
Araucaria rulei (syn. Araucaria excelsa var. goldieana)Rule araucaria, graceful pine
Araucaria schmidiiMount Panié Araucaria, Schmid araucaria
Araucaria scopulorumCliff Araucaria, Rock araucaria
Araucaria subulataNarrow-leaf araucaria, Vieillard Columnar Araucaria

Araucaria Tree List last up-dated on

Extinct Araucaria Species
  • Araucaria beipiaoensis
  • Araucaria brownii (England)
  • Araucaria desmondii
  • Araucaria fibrosa
  • Araucaria haastii (New Zealand)
  • Araucaria lignitici (Yallourn, Victoria, Australia)
  • Araucaria marensii
  • Araucaria mirabilis (Patagonia)
  • Araucaria nihongii (Japan)
  • Araucaria nipponensis (Japan)
  • Araucaria sphaerocarpa (England)
  • Araucaria taieriensis (New Zealand)
  • Araucaria vulgaris (Japan)

Araucaria Tree (Araucaria) Hybrids

No known Hybrids Found on 2018-01-06

Araucaria (Araucaria) Genus Vernacular Names

English: Araucaria
azərbaycanca: Araukariya
català: Araucària
čeština: Blahočet
dansk: Abeskræk-slægten
Deutsch: Araukarien
eesti: Araukaaria
Ελληνικά: Αραουκάρια
Esperanto: Araŭkario
français: Araucaria
hornjoserbsce: Arawkarija
ქართული: არაუკარია
коми: Араукария
кырык мары: Араукари
latviešu: Araukārijas
lietuvių: Araukarija
magyar: Araukária
Nederlands: Araucaria-achtigen
日本語: ナンヨウスギ属
norsk: Apeskrekkslekten
Перем Коми: Араукария
polski: Araukaria
português: Araucaria
русский: Араукария
suomi: Araukariat
Türkçe: Arokarya
удмурт: Араукария
українська: Араукарія
中文: 南洋杉属

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