Serviceberry Tree Names and Types of Amelanchier Species

Picture of a Serviceberry Tree
Amelanchier utahensis
Amelanchier utahensis, the Utah Serviceberry, picture by Stan Shebs, Picture use (cc2)

The Amelanchier genus is made up of about 20 species of shrubs and small deciduous trees commonly known as Serviceberry, Shadbush, Sarvisberry, Juneberry, Saskatoon serviceberry, Shadblow, Shadwood, Sugarplum, and Wild-plum.

Serviceberry species have erect or drooping flowers in clusters of one to four flowers, or in racemes with 4 to 20 flowers. The flowers have five white (rarely pink, yellow, or streaked with red), linear petals. The flowers appear in early spring, such as "when the shad run" (a fish) according to tradition (leading to names such as "shadbush"). The fruit is a berry type pome, red to purple to nearly black at maturity in summer.

The fruit of several Amelanchier species are excellent to eat straight from the plant, tasting similar to a blueberry with a nutty flavor. The fruit can be harvested for pies and jams. The Saskatoon serviceberry berry is harvested for commercial production. The Native American food pemmican was flavored by shadbush fruits in combination with fat and dried meats, and the stems were made into arrow shafts.

Some Serviceberry species are very popular as ornamental, landscaping shrubs, and used for their flowers, bark, and fall color. All Amelanchier species need similar conditions to grow well, requiring acceptable soil, good drainage, air circulation (to discourage leaf diseases), watering during drought.

Facts about the Amelanchier Genus of Trees
List of Serviceberry Shrubs and Trees, Amelanchier Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
List of Serviceberry Tree Names
Botanical Tree NameCommon Tree Name
Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon serviceberry
Amelanchier alnifolia var. alnifolia Saskatoon serviceberry
Amelanchier alnifolia var. cusickii Cusick's serviceberry
Amelanchier alnifolia var. humptulipensis Saskatoon serviceberry
Amelanchier alnifolia var. semiintegrifolia Saskatoon serviceberry
Amelanchier arborea Common serviceberry
Amelanchier arborea var. alabamensis Alabama serviceberry
Amelanchier arborea var. arborea Common serviceberry
Amelanchier arborea var. austromontana Downy serviceberry
Amelanchier bartramiana Oblongfruit serviceberry
Amelanchier canadensis Canadian serviceberry
Amelanchier interior Pacific serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis Allegheny serviceberry
Amelanchier pallida Pale serviceberry
Amelanchier sanguinea Roundleaf serviceberry
Amelanchier sanguinea var. gaspensis Gaspé serviceberry
Amelanchier sanguinea var. sanguinea Roundleaf serviceberry
Amelanchier utahensis Utah serviceberry
Amelanchier utahensis var. covillei Coville's serviceberry
Amelanchier utahensis var. utahensis Utah serviceberry

Note that Amelanchier species names are often used interchangeably in retail outlets. Many Amelanchier arborea plants that are for sale are actually hybrids, or sometimes totally different species altogether.

List of Amelanchier Hybrids

Amelanchier ×intermedia
Amelanchier ×neglecta
Amelanchier ×quinti-martii

List of Amelanchier Vernacular names

česky: Muchovník
Dansk: Bærmispel
Deutsch: Felsenbirnen
English: Serviceberry, Saskatoon, June berry, Shad blow
Français: Amélanchier
Lietuvių: Medlieva
Nederlands: Krentenboompje
русский: Ирга
Suomi: Tuomipihlajat
Svenska: Häggmisplar
Türkçe: Kaya armudu
українська: Ірга