Linden, Lime Tree Names and Types of Tilia Species

Picture of a Linden Tree
American Linden Tree (Tilia americana)
Picture of a American Linden tree,
(Tilia americana)

Tree species in the Tilia Genus are commonly named Linden, Lime, or Basswood in English. See List of Tilia Vernacular Names for more common names in other languages. Tilia trees can be easily identified by their leaves (oblique-cordate leaves 6 ↔ 20 centimetres (2 ↔ 8 in) across) and Tilia species are large deciduous trees, typically reaching 20 ↔ 40 metres (66 ↔ 130 ft) in height.

Linden, Lime Tree Use;

Linden Trees are well used in North America and western Europe for ornamental, or landscaping purposes. This is due to the many desirable qualities these species possess, ranging from appearance to practical uses, such as bee-trees. Linden trees are harvested for their wood, and as they can generatively and vegetatively reproduce, this results in easy propagation for growers or for coppice farmers.

Many Linden Hybrids and Linden Cultivars have been produced to suit a wide number of tree uses, especially for ornamental and landscaping purposes.

Facts about Linden Trees of the Tilia Genus
  • Genus Latin Scientific Name = Tilia.
  • Genus Latin Name Pronunciation: TIL-ee-uh
  • Genus Latin Name Meaning: Latinized name for the Linden (or Lime) tree.
  • Genus Common Names = Linden, Lime, Basswood. List of other Tilia Vernacular Names.
  • Number of Taxa (types) in the Tilia Genus = 52. The exact number of species is subject to considerable uncertainty, as many or most of the species will hybridise readily, both in the wild and in cultivation. See List of Tilia Hybrid Names.
List of Linden Trees, Tilia Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
List of Linden Tree Species Names
Botanical Tree NameCommon Tree Name
Tilia americana Basswood, American Linden
Tilia americana var. americana American Linden, American basswood, American lime, (German; Amerikanische Linde)
Tilia americana var. caroliniana Carolina basswood
Tilia americana var. heterophylla White basswood, American basswood, Linden, beetree, Mountain Basswood, (German; Verschiedenblättrige Linde)
Tilia americana var. mexicana Mexican basswood, (Spanish; cyrimbo, flor de tila, sirima, tirimo, tzirimo)
Tilia amurensis Amur Lime, Amur Linden, (German; Amur-Linde), (Mandarin Chinese; ZiDuàn; 紫椴 )
Tilia argentea = is a synonym of Tilia tomentosa Silver Lime
Tilia begoniifolia = is a synonym of Tilia dasystyla ssp. caucasica Crimean Lime
Tilia callidonta (Mandarin Chinese; MeiChiDuàn; 美齿椴 )
Tilia caroliniana = is a synonym of Tilia americana var. caroliniana Carolina Basswood
Tilia chinensis Chinese Linden, (Chinese; 椴树 )
(Mandarin Chinese; HuáDuàn; 华椴 )
Tilia chinensis var. intonsa Chinese Linden
Tilia chingiana (Mandarin Chinese; DuanMáoDuàn; 短毛椴 )
Tilia cordata Little-leaf Linden, Small-leaved Lime, Greenspire Linden, Small-leaf European Linden, (German; Winterlinde), (French; tilleul à petites feuilles, tilleul des bois), (Italian; tiglia selvatico), (Swedish; Skogslind)
Tilia dasystyla Crimean Lime
Tilia dasystyla ssp. caucasicaBigleaf Linden
Tilia endochrysea(Mandarin Chinese; BáiMáoDuàn; 白毛椴 )
Tilia ×euchlora Caucasian Lime (Hybrid)
Tilia ×europaea European Linden, Common Linden, Common Lime, Holländische Linde, tilleul commun (Hybrid)
Tilia henryana Henry's Lime, Henry's Linden, 毛糯米椴
Tilia heterophylla = is a synonym of Tilia americana var. heterophylla White Basswood
Tilia hupehensis Hubei Lime
Tilia insularis (Native to Korea)
Tilia intonsa (Native to China)
Tilia japonica Japanese Lime, Japanese Linden, (German; Japanische Linde), (Japanese; shina-no-ki = シナノキ ). Native to Japan
Tilia jiaodongensis(Mandarin Chinese; JiaoDongDuàn; 胶东椴 )
Tilia kiusiana Japanese Lime Tree (Native to Japan)
Tilia kueichouensis(Mandarin Chinese; QiánDuàn; 黔椴 )
Tilia likiangensis(Mandarin Chinese; LìJiangDuàn; 丽江椴 )
Tilia mandshurica Manchurian Lime, Manchurian Linden
(Mandarin Chinese; KangDuàn; 糠椴 )
(Chinese; 辽椴 , 瘤果辽椴 , 卵果辽椴 )
Tilia mandshurica var. megaphylla Manchurian Lime, Mandshurian Linden
Tilia maximowicziana (Native to Japan)
Tilia membranacea(Mandarin Chinese; MóYèDuàn; 膜叶椴 )
Tilia mexicana = is a synonym of Tilia americana var. mexicana Mexican basswood, (Spanish; cyrimbo, flor de tila, sirima, tirimo, tzirimo)
Tilia miqueliana (German; Miquels Linde),
(Mandarin Chinese; NánJingDuàn; 南京椴 )
Tilia mofungensis (Mandarin Chinese; MàoFengDuàn; 帽峰椴 )
Tilia mongolica Mongolian Lime, Mongolian Linden,
(Mandarin Chinese; MéngDuàn; 蒙椴 )
(Chinese; 米椴 , 白皮椴 , 小叶椴 )
Tilia nasczokinii Nasczokin's Lime, Nasczokin's Linden, Липа Нащокина (Native only to Siberia, Russia)
Tilia nobilis (Mandarin Chinese; DàYèDuàn; 大叶椴 )
Tilia occidentalis West lime
Tilia oliveri Oliver's Lime, (Mandarin Chinese; 鄂椴 ), (Chinese; 粉椴 )
Tilia paucicostata (Mandarin Chinese; ShaoMàiDuàn; 少脉椴 )
(Chinese; 杏鬼椴 , 少脉毛椴 )
Tilia petiolaris Pendent Silver Linden
Tilia platyphyllos Big-leaf Linden, Large-leaved Lime, Broadleaf lime, large-leaf Linden, (German; Sommerlinde), (French; tilleul à grandes feuilles, tilleul de Hollande), (Italian; tiglio nostrale), (Swedish; Bohuslind)
Tilia rubra = is a synonym of Tilia platyphyllos 'Rubra' Cultivar Red Stem Lime
Tilia taishanensis (Mandarin Chinese; TàiShanDuàn; 泰山椴 )
Tilia taquetii (Native to China and Korea)
Tilia tomentosa Silver Lime, Silver Linden, Hungarian Silver Linden, (German; Silberlinde), (French; tilleul argenté, tilleul de Hongrie), (Swedish; Silverlind)
Tilia tuan (Mandarin Chinese; DuànShù; 椴树 )

List of Tree Names last up-dated on


Tilia Native Distribution;

The greatest species diversity of Tilia species is found in Asia, however the genus is prominent in Europe and eastern North America, but not western North America. Many Linden's grow well in western North America, but these have been brought in by humans and are not native.

Tilia (Linden, Lime) Hybrid Names

  • Tilia ×euchlora (Caucasian lime, Crimean Linden, Krimlinde) = Tilia dasystyla (Crimean Lime) × Tilia cordata (Little-leaf Linden, Small-leaved Lime)
  • Tilia ×europaea (Common Lime, European Linden, Common Linden, Holländische Linde, tilleul commun) = Tilia cordata (Little-leaf Linden, Small-leaved Lime) × Tilia platyphyllos (Large-leaved Linden, Large-leaved Lime)
  • Tilia ×flavescens = (Glenleven Linden) Tilia americana × Tilia cordata
  • Tilia ×moltkei = Tilia americana × Tilia petiolaris
  • Tilia ×orbicularis = Tilia × euchlora × Tilia tomentosa 'Petiolaris'
  • Tilia ×vulgaris = is a synonym of Tilia ×europaea

Tilia 'Spectabilis' (hybrid, unknown origin)

Tilia (Linden, Lime) Cultivar Names

  • Tilia americana 'American Sentry'
  • Tilia americana 'Boulevard'
  • Tilia americana 'Duros' (Has an upright crown)
  • Tilia americana 'Fastigiata'
  • Tilia americana 'Frontyard' (Has a pyramidal tree shape)
  • Tilia americana 'Legend'
  • Tilia americana 'Lincoln'
  • Tilia americana 'Macrophylla'
  • Tilia americana 'Nova'
  • Tilia americana 'Redmond' (Has a conic-crown)
  • Tilia americana 'Rosehill'
  • Tilia cordata 'Bicentennial'
  • Tilia cordata 'Chancellor'
  • Tilia cordata 'Corinthian'
  • Tilia cordata 'DeGroot'
  • Tilia cordata 'Fairview'
  • Tilia cordata 'Firecracker'
  • Tilia cordata 'Glenleven'
  • Tilia cordata 'Golden Cascade'
  • Tilia cordata 'Green Globe'
  • Tilia cordata 'Greenspire'
  • Tilia cordata 'Handsworth'
  • Tilia cordata 'June Bride'
  • Tilia cordata 'Lico Dwarf'
  • Tilia cordata 'Morden'
  • Tilia cordata 'Norlin'
  • Tilia cordata 'Olympic'
  • Tilia cordata 'Pendula Nana'
  • Tilia cordata 'Prestige'
  • Tilia cordata 'Rancho'
  • Tilia cordata 'Salem'
  • Tilia cordata 'Shamrock'
  • Tilia cordata 'Swedish Upright'
  • Tilia cordata 'Turesi'
  • Tilia cordata 'Winter Orange'
  • Tilia ×europaea ‘Pallida’ (Dutch Linden, Holländischen Linde)
  • Tilia ×europaea 'Wratislaviensis'
  • Tilia mongolica 'Harvest Gold'
  • Tilia platyphyllos 'Aurea' (Golden Leafed Linden)
  • Tilia platyphyllos 'Fastigiata'
  • Tilia platyphyllos 'Laciniata' (Has seemingly torn leaves)
  • Tilia platyphyllos 'Örebro' (Has a columnar growth habit)
  • Tilia platyphyllos 'Princes Street' (Has a narrow crown)
  • Tilia platyphyllos 'Rubra' (Red Twigged Linden, Red Stem Lime)
  • Tilia platyphyllos 'Tortuosa' (Has twisted branches)
  • Tilia platyphyllos 'Tiltstone Filigree' (Has upswept branches)
  • Tilia tomentosa 'Brabant' (Has a strong central stem and a symmetrical conic crown)
  • Tilia tomentosa 'Petiolaris' (Pendent Silver Lime) This cultivar differs from other Tilia in that it has much longer leaf petioles 4 ↔ 8 cm long and drooping leaves. It is of unknown origin and is usually sterile, and may be a hybrid with another Tilia species.
  • Tilia tomentosa 'Satin Shadow'
  • Tilia tomentosa 'Sterling'

Tilia Genus Vernacular Names

English: Lime (UK), Linden (North America), Basswood
العربية: زيزفون
Azərbaycanca: Cökə
Беларуская: Ліпа
Català: Tiller
Чӑвашла: Çăка
Česky: Lípa
Dansk: Lind
Deutsch: Linden
Eesti: Pärn
Español: Tilo
Esperanto: Tilio
Euskara: Ezki
فارسی: نمدار
Français: Tilleul
گیلکی: نمدار (زیرفون
한국어: 피나무
Hornjoserbsce: Lipa
Hrvatski: Lipa
Italiano: Tiglio
日本語: シナノキ
עברית: טיליה
Коми: Нинпу
Lietuvių: Liepa
Magyar: Hárs
македонски: Липа
Nederlands: Lindeboom, zomerlinde
Norsk (bokmål)‎: Lind
Norsk (nynorsk)‎: Lind
Polski: Lipa
Português: Tília
Română: Tei
Runa Simi: Tilu
Pусский: Липа
Slovenščina: Lipa
Cрпски / srpski: Липа
Suomi: Lehmukset
Svenska: Lind, Lindsläktet
Tiếng Việt: Chi Đoạn
Türkçe: Ihlamur
українська: Липа
中文: 椴树