Apricot Tree Names

Picture of Apricot Trees
Flowering Apricot Trees (Prunus armeniaca)
Photo of Flowering Apricot trees
(Prunus armeniaca)
Apricot Fruit on the Tree, (Prunus armeniaca)
Photo of Apricot Fruit on the Tree

for identification.
The Apricot Tree;

The Apricot tree is a small deciduous tree when mature, reaching 8 to 12 m (26 to 39ft) tall, and a trunk up to 40cm (16 inches) in diameter. The tree forms a dense, spreading canopy above.

Apricot Tree Leaves;

Apricot leaves are ovate, 5 to 9cm (2 to 3.5 inches) long and 4 to 8cm (1.6 to 3.1 in) wide, with a rounded base, a pointed tip and a finely serrated margin. In the autumn the leaves turn golden orange.

Apricot Tree Flowers, or Blossom

Apricot flowers are 2 to 4.5cm (0.8 to 1.8 inches) in diameter, with five petals. Bloom Color ranges from white to pale pink. Flowers are produced singly or in pairs in early spring before the leaves bud out.

Apricot Tree Fruit

The Apricot fruit is a drupe similar to a small peach, 1.5 to 2.5cm (0.6 to 1 inch) in diameter (The fruit is larger in some modern Apricot cultivars). The Apricot fruit color ranges from yellow to orange, sometimes tinged red on the side most exposed to the sun. The fruit skin surface can be smooth (botanically described as; glabrous) or velvety with very short hairs (botanically; pubescent). Apricot fruit flesh is usually firm and not very juicy, and taste can range from sweet to tart. The Apricot fruit contains a single seed enclosed in a hard, stony shell, commonly known as a "stone", with a grainy, smooth texture except for three ridges running down one side.

Facts about Apricot Trees of the Genus Prunus; Subgenus Prunus; Section Armeniaca;
  • Section Latin Scientific Name: Armeniaca.
  • Section Latin Name Pronunciation: ar-men-ee-AH-kuh
  • Section Latin Name Meaning: Armenian Plum or Apricot coloured
  • Section Common Names: Apricot, Armenian plum. List of other Apricot Vernacular Names
  • Number of Taxa (types) in Section Armeniaca = 9 (11 with Hybrids)
List of Apricot Trees, Genus Prunus; Subgenus Prunus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
List of Apricot Trees (Prunus Section Armeniaca) Species Names
Botanical Tree NameCommon Tree Name
Prunus armeniacaApricot, Armenian plum, Ansu Apricot, Tibetan Apricot
Prunus brigantina Briançon Apricot, Marmot plum, Alpine Apricot
Prunus mandshurica Manchurian Apricot, Scout Apricot, (In China; "Northeastern Apricot" Chinese: 东北杏), or ("Liaoning Apricot" Chinese: 辽杏). (Korea; "Gaesalgu tree" (개살구나무 )).
Prunus mume Chinese plum, Japanese Apricot, Ume, Mei, (China; "méi"; 梅 ), (Japanese; "ume"; (kanji: 梅; hiragana: うめ) )
Prunus sibiricaSiberian Apricot, (Chinese: 山杏; pinyin: shān xìng)
Prunus sibirica var. multipetalaSiberian Apricot
Prunus sibirica var. plenifloraSiberian Apricot
Prunus sibirica var. pubescensSiberian Apricot
Prunus sibirica var. sibiricaSiberian Apricot

Apricot Tree List last up-dated on

Growing Apricot Trees

Where Can Apricot Trees be Grown

Apricot trees prefer well drained soils with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0.

Apricot trees will grow in the following USDA Winter Hardiness Zones:

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F)

Apricot trees have a chilling requirement of 300 to 900 chilling units. Most species of Apricot are hardy in USDA zones 5a through 8a.

Apricot Propagation Methods:
  • By grafting
  • By budding

Apricot cultivars are most often grafted onto plum tree or peach tree rootstocks. The scion from an existing Apricot plant provides the fruit characteristics, such as flavor and size, but the rootstock provides the growth characteristics of the tree.

Apricot Tree Pollination and Fruit Production

Some Apricot cultivars are self compatible and do not require pollinizer trees, however most tend to be partly self-fruitful, and only producing the largest fruit crops if cross-pollinated by another Apricot.

Most Apricot cultivars are not self compatible, Prunus armeniaca 'Moongold' and 'Sungold', for example, must be planted in pairs so that they can pollinate each other.

Apricot Tree Hybrids

  • Interspecific Prunus Hybrids - Aprium, Apriplum, Pluot, Plumcot, (Hybrids between Apricot trees and Plum tree species), and Peacotum (A marketing name for some Peach × Plum × Apricot Hybrids).
  • runus × blireiana (Prunus cerasifera ‘Atropurpurea’ × Prunus mume) - Prunier double
  • Prunus × dasycarpa (Prunus armeniaca × Prunus cerasifera) - Black Apricot, Purple Apricot

Apricot, Subgenus Prunus Section Armeniaca Vernacular Names

English: Apricot
Аҧсшәа: Аҷарам
Afrikaans: Appelkoos
aragonés: Abrecoquera
العربية: مشمش
azərbaycanca: Ərik
Boarisch: Marün
беларуская: Абрыкос
български: Кайсия
বাংলা: অ্যাপ্রিকট
bosanski: Kajsija
català: Albercoquer
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Hâing
нохчийн: Туьрк
Tsetsêhestâhese: Ová'kemene
corsu: Baracucca
čeština: Meruňka obecná
Cymraeg: Bricyllwydden
dansk: Abrikos (træ)
Deutsch: Aprikose
dolnoserbski: Aprikozowy bom
Ελληνικά: Βερικοκιά
Esperanto: Abrikotarbo, Abrikoto
español: Albaricoquero
eesti: Aprikoosipuu
euskara: Abrikotondo
فارسی: زردآلو
suomi: Aprikoosi
français: Abricotier
Nordfriisk: Aprikoos
Gaeilge: Aibreog
Gàidhlig: Abragod
galego: Albaricoqueiro
Gaelg: Apricoc
עברית: משמש
हिन्दी: ख़ुबानी
hrvatski: Marelica
hornjoserbsce: Aprikozowc Kreyòl
ayisyen: Zabriko
magyar: Kajszibarack
Հայերեն: Ծիրան
Bahasa Indonesia: Aprikot
Ido: Abrikoto
íslenska: Apríkósa
italiano: Albicocco
日本語: アンズ
ქართული: გარგარი
Qaraqalpaqsha: Yerik
қазақша: Өрік
한국어: 살구나무
Kurdî: Mişmiş
Lëtzebuergesch: Aprikos
Ligure: Apricotta
lietuvių: Abrikosas
latviešu: Aprikozes
македонски: Кајсија
മലയാളം: ആപ്രിക്കോട്ട്
मराठी: जर्दाळू
кырык мары: Абрикос
Bahasa Melayu: Pokok Aprikot
नेपाली: खुर्पानी
Nederlands: Abrikoos
norsk nynorsk: Aprikos
norsk bokmål: Aprikos
Diné bizaad: Dzidzétsoh díkʼǫ́ǫzhii
occitan: Albricotièr
Ирон: Чъерами, Абрикос
Kapampangan: Apricot
Picard: Abricothié
Deitsch: Abrigosebaam
polski: Morela pospolita
پښتو: معمولي مندته
português: Damasqueiro
português do Brasil: Damasqueiro
română: Cais
русский: Абрикос
sardu: Barracoco
sicilianu: barcocu
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kajsija
slovenščina: Marelica
shqip: Kajsia
српски / srpski: Кајсија
svenska: Aprikos
Kiswahili: Mwaprikoti
ślůnski: Aprikołza
తెలుగు: ఆప్రికాట్
тоҷикӣ: Зардолу
ไทย: เอพริคอต
Tagalog: Aprikot
Türkçe: Kayısı
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئۆرۈك
українська: Абрикоса
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Oʻrik
Tshivenda: Apuḽikoso
vèneto: Armelinaro
Tiếng Việt: Mơ châu Âu
Winaray: Aprikot
ייִדיש: אפריקאס
中文: 杏

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