Prunus Subgenus Amygdalus Names of Species

Picture of an Almond Tree
Picture of an Almond tree, (Subgenus Amygdalus, Species; Prunus dulcis)
Picture of an Almond tree
(Subgenus; Amygdalus),
(Species; Prunus dulcis).

Species grouped within the Amygdalus subgenera are distinguished from the other subgenera by their corrugated seed shell.

Facts about the Prunus Subgenus Amygdalus
  • Subgenus Latin Scientific Name = Amygdalus.
  • Subgenus Latin Name Pronunciation: am-MIG-dal-us
  • Subgenus Latin Name Meaning: The ancient Greek name for Almond
  • Number of Taxa (types) in the Amygdalus Subgenus = 12
List of Species in the Amygdalus Subgenus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
Subgenus Amygdalus
  • Section Amygdalus
  • Section Persica
    • Prunus davidiana
      • Prunus davidiana var. davidiana
      • Prunus davidiana var. potaninii
    • Prunus ferganensis
    • Prunus kansuensis
    • Prunus mira
    • Prunus mongolica
    • Prunus persica - Peach, Nectarine, Peacherine (syn. Amygdalus persica)
      • Prunus persica var. nucipersica - Nectarine (Prunus persica var. nectarina)
      • Prunus persica var. platycarpa - Saturn Peach, Doughnut (Donut) Peach, Paraguayo peach, Pan tao peach, Saucer peach, Belly-up peach, UFO peach, Flat peach, Pita peach, Hat peach, Custard peach, Squashed peach
    • Prunus tangutica

Toxic Species within the Amygdalus Subgenus

Interestingly, all species (specifically Almonds and Peaches) grouped within this subgenus have seeds that contain cyanogenic glycosides, including amygdalin, note the subgenus designation of Amygdalus.

These substances are capable of decomposing into a sugar molecule and hydrogen cyanide gas. Large consumption of these chemicals from any source is potentially hazardous to animal and human health. The most toxic seed in this subgenus is found in the Bitter Almond. Commercially grown Almonds for consumption are the Sweet Almond Variety.


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