Almond Tree Pictures and Names of (Prunus dulcis)

Picture of an Almond Tree
Almond Tree (Prunus dulcis) in an Orchard
Picture of an Almond tree
(Prunus dulcis), in an Orchard
Almond Tree (Prunus dulcis) Showing Unripe Green Almond Seeds
Photo of an Almond Tree
(Prunus dulcis),
Showing Unripe Green Almond Seeds

The Almond Tree, Prunus dulcis is a woody deciduous tree, belonging to the Prunus Genus. The name "Almond" is also widely used in the English language for the name of the edible seed (Nut) of this tree. The Almond seed is not actually a true "Nut". The Almond tree is native to the Mediterranean region of the Middle East, and extending eastward as far as the Indus River in Pakistan.

Almond Tree Description

This tree typically reaches 4 to 10m (13 to 33ft) in height, & a mature tree having trunk diameter of up to 30cm (12"). Young first year twigs are green then becoming purplish as exposed to more sunlight during the year. The twigs become grey in their second year, as do many Prunus species. Almond tree leaves are 8 to 13cm (3 to 5") long, with a serrated margin and a 2.5cm (1") petiole.

Facts about Almond, (Prunus dulcis) species of trees for identification;
  • Species Scientific Name = dulcis
  • Species Latin Name Pronunciation: DUL-sis
  • Species Latin Name Meaning: Sweet, tender
  • Species Synonyms ≡ Prunus amygdalus, Amygdalus communis, Amygdalus dulcis
  • Species Common Names = Almond, List of Prunus dulcis Vernacular Names

There are four (4) varieties of Almond Tree (Prunus dulcis);

  1. Prunus dulcis var. amara (Bitter Almond Seed / Nut)
  2. Prunus dulcis var. dulcis (Sweet Almond Seed / Nut)
  3. Prunus dulcis var. fragilis
  4. Prunus dulcis var. spontanea

Almond Tree Seed (Almond Nut) Description

Almond Tree flowers appear singly or in pairs before the leaves in early spring, and are pale pink through to white, 3 to 5 cm (1 to 2") diameter with five petals. These flowers produce the edible seed commonly known in English as the Almond. The Almond seed (Nut) is correctly called a "Drupe" in Botanical terms.

Other Facts about Almond Trees;
  • All commercially grown almonds sold as food in the United States are of the "sweet" variety (Prunus dulcis var. dulcis)
  • Almond Seed Oil can be used as a wood conditioner of certain woodwind instruments, such as the oboe and clarinet.
  • Wild almond species are toxic, but domesticated almonds are not. A common genetic mutation causes an absence of amygdalin (this makes it toxic), and this mutant was grown by early farmers, "at first unintentionally in the garbage heaps, and later intentionally in their orchards".

Growing Almond Trees

Almond trees will begin bearing an economic crop in their third year after planting. The trees reach full fruit bearing productivity five to six years after planting. The fruit matures in autumn, 7 to 8 months after end of flowering.

Almond Trees grow best in Mediterranean type climates with warm dry summers and mild wet winters. Optimal temperature for growth is 15 to 30°C (59 to 86°F) and the tree buds have a chilling requirement of 300 to 600 hours below 7°C (45°F) to break dormancy.

List of Prunus dulcis Vernacular Names

  • English: Almond
  • Afrikaans: Amandel
  • aragonés: Almendrera
  • العربية: لوز ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܫܓܕܬܐ
  • asturianu: Almendra
  • azərbaycanca: Badam
  • беларуская: Міндаль
  • български: Бадем
  • বাংলা: বাদাম গাছ
  • brezhoneg: alamandezenn
  • bosanski: Badem
  • català: Ametller
  • Cebuano: Almendra
  • corsu: Amandula
  • čeština: Mandloň obecná
  • kaszëbsczi: Slëwa mandla
  • Cymraeg: Cneuen almon
  • dansk: Mandel
  • Deutsch: Mandelbaum
  • Zazaki: Vamêre
  • dolnoserbski: Mandlowy bom
  • Ελληνικά: Αμυγδαλιά
  • Esperanto: Migdalujo
  • español: almendro
  • eesti: Harilik mandlipuu
  • euskara: Arbendolondo
  • فارسی: بادام
  • suomi: Manteli
  • français: Amandier
  • Nordfriisk: Mandelbuum
  • furlan: Mandolâr
  • Gaeilge: Almóinn
  • Gàidhlig: Almon
  • galego: Amendoeira
  • ગુજરાતી: બદામ
  • Gaelg: Almon
  • עברית: שקד מצוי
  • हिन्दी: बादाम
  • hrvatski: Badem
  • hornjoserbsce: Mandlowc
  • magyar: Mandula (növényfaj)
  • Հայերեն: Նշենի
  • Bahasa Indonesia: Badam
  • Ilokano: Almendras
  • Ido: Mandelo
  • italiano: mandorlo
  • 日本語: アーモンド
  • ქართული: ნუში
  • қазақша: Бадам жаңғағы
  • ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬಾದಾಮಿ (ಪದಾರ್ಥ)
  • 한국어: 아몬드
  • Kurdî: Behîv
  • kernowek: Alamandwydh
  • Latina: Amygdalus
  • lietuvių: Migdolas
  • latviešu: Parastā mandele
  • македонски: Бадем
  • മലയാളം: ബദാം
  • монгол: Бүйлс
  • Bahasa Melayu: Badam
  • नेपाली: मधेशी बदाम
  • Nederlands: Amandelboom
  • norsk nynorsk: Mandel
  • norsk bokmål: Mandel Diné
  • bizaad: Neeshchʼííʼ hááheeshchiiʼí
  • occitan: Ametlièr
  • ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ବାଦାମ ଗଛ
  • ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਦਾਮ
  • Kapampangan: Almendras
  • Picard: Aminte
  • polski: Migdałowiec pospolity
  • پښتو: بادام
  • português: Amendoeira
  • português do Brasil: Amendoeira Runa
  • Simi: Almindru
  • tarandíne: arvule de amennole
  • русский: Миндаль
  • संस्कृतम्: वातामम्
  • sardu: Mèndula
  • Scots: Awmond
  • سنڌي: بادام
  • srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Badem
  • slovenčina: Mandľa obyčajná
  • slovenščina: Mandljevec
  • shqip: Bajamet
  • српски / srpski: Бадем
  • svenska: Mandel
  • Kiswahili: Mlozi
  • தமிழ்: வாதுமை
  • తెలుగు: బాదం
  • ไทย: อัลมอนด์
  • Tagalog: Almendras
  • Türkçe: Badem
  • українська: Мигдаль
  • اردو: بادام
  • Tiếng Việt: Hạnh đào
  • ייִדיש: מאנדל
  • Vahcuengh: Makgai
  • 中文: 扁桃

List of Prunus dulcis Synonyms;

  • Basionym
    • Amygdalus dulcis Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8. n. 2. 1768.
  • Homotypic
    • Prunus dulcis (Mill.) Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 644. 1832, nom. inval
  • Heterotypic
    • Amygdalus communis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 473. 1753
    • Prunus amygdalus Batsch, Beytr. Entw. Pragm. Gesch. Nat. Reiche 1: 30. 1801
    • Prunus communis (L.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. 209. 1882, nom. illeg. non Huds. (1778)

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