Populus Genus, Classification of Tree Species Names

Pictures of Poplar (Populus) Trees
Fastigiate Black Poplar Trees (Populus nigra - Plantierensis)
Picture of Fastigiate Black Poplar Trees (Populus nigra - Plantierensis)
White Poplar, Silver Poplar Tree (Populus alba)
Picture of a Silver Poplar or White Poplar Tree (Populus alba)

This page lists the names of all species in the Populus Genus, most are commonly known in English as Poplars, and some are known as Aspens and Cottonwoods. All species are listed on this page using the Botanical method of classifying plants, the Populus Genus is divided into Sections, and each Populus species belongs to only one Section.

These sections are groups of Populus species that are genetically similar, so for example; most of the Cottonwood species are grouped together in a Section called "Aigeiros", and most Aspen species are grouped together in a Section called "Populus". There are some Populus species that have not yet been classified into a Section.

Facts about Poplar Trees of the Populus Genus

To find the common name of a species of Populus, look at the list below, it is organized by Latin botanical name first and common name last, and by Genus Section. If you don't know which Section of Genus Populus your species belongs to, please use the search box at the top of the page.

List of Poplar Trees, Populus Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
  • Populus Genus

    • Populus Section Populus (Aspens and White Poplars);

      • Populus adenopoda (Chinese Aspen, 响叶杨 , 绵杨 ) Native to Eastern Asia
      • Populus alba (White Poplar) Native to Southern Europe ↔ Central Asia
      • Populus davidiana (Korean Aspen) Native to Eastern Asia
      • Populus grandidentata (Bigtooth Aspen) Native to Eastern North America
      • Populus ningshanica ( 汉白杨 , 骚白杨 , 大白杨 ) Native to China
      • Populus qiongdaoensis ( 琼岛杨 ) Native to Hainan China
      • Populus rotundifolia ( 圆叶杨 ) Native to central China
      • Populus sieboldii (Japanese Aspen) Native to Eastern Asia
      • Populus tomentosa (Chinese White Poplar) Native to China
      • Populus tremula (Aspen, Common Aspen, Eurasian Aspen, European Aspen, Quaking Aspen) Native to Europe, Northern Asia
      • Populus tremuloides (Quaking Aspen or Trembling Aspen) Native to Northern and Western North America
      • Populus wulianensis ( 五莲杨 )
         
    • Populus Section Aigeiros (Cottonwoods and Black Poplars);

      • Populus deltoides (Eastern Cottonwood) Native to Eastern North America
        • Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides (Eastern Cottonwood)
        • Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera (Plains Cottonwood, Eastern Cottonwood)
        • Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni (Rio Grande Cottonwood)
      • Populus fremontii (Fremont's Cottonwood) Native to Western North America
      • Populus hastata (Black Cottonwood) Native to North America
      • Populus nigra (Black Poplar, Black Cottonwood, Lombardy's Poplar) Native to Europe
         
    • Populus Section Tacamahaca (Balsam Poplars);

      • Populus angustifolia (Willow-leaved Poplar, Narrowleaf Cottonwood) Native to Central North America
      • Populus balsamifera (Balsam Poplar, Ontario Balsam Poplar) Native to Northern North America
      • Populus cathayana ( 青杨 ) Native to Northeast Asia
      • Populus koreana (Korean Poplar, 香杨 , 黄铁木 , 大青杨 ) Native to Northeast Asia
      • Populus laurifolia (Laurel-leaf Poplar, 苦杨 ) Native to Central Asia
      • Populus maximowiczii (Japanese Poplar, Maximowicz Poplar) Native to Northeast Asia
      • Populus simonii (Simon's Poplar, Chinese Cottonwood) Native to Northeast Asia
      • Populus suaveolens (Mongolian Poplar, 甜杨 , 西伯利亚白杨 ) Native to Northeast Asia
      • Populus szechuanica (Sichuan Poplar) Native to Northeast Asia
      • Populus trichocarpa (Western Balsam Poplar, Black Cottonwood) Native to Western North America
      • Populus tristis, Native to Northeast Asia
      • Populus ussuriensis (Ussuri Poplar, 大青杨 ) Native to Northeast Asia
      • Populus yunnanensis (Yunnan Poplar, 滇杨 , 云南白杨 ) Native to East Asia
         
    • Populus Section Leucoides (Necklace Poplars or Bigleaf Poplars);

      • Populus heterophylla (Swamp Cottonwood) Native to Southeastern North America
      • Populus lasiocarpa (Chinese Necklace Poplar, 大叶杨 ) Eastern Asia
      • Populus wilsonii (Wilson's Poplar) Native to Eastern Asia
         
    • Populus Section Turanga (Subtropical Poplars);

      • Populus euphratica (Euphrates Poplar, 胡杨 , 胡桐 ) Native to Southwest Asia
      • Populus ilicifolia (Tana River Poplar) Native to East Africa
         
    • Populus Section Abaso (Mexican Poplars);

      • Populus guzmanantlensis Native to Mexico
      • Populus mexicana (Mexico Poplar) Native to Mexico

List of Tree Names last up-dated on


List of names of Populus species that are not classified in a Section

It has not yet been determined which Section of Genus Populus these species belong to as of this date; 2013-02-26.

  • Populus afghanica ( 阿富汗杨 )
  • Populus alaschanica ( 阿拉善杨 )
  • Populus amurensis ( 黑龙江杨 )
  • Populus cana ( 白皮杨 )
  • Populus charbinensis ( 哈青杨 , 隆山杨 )
  • Populus ciliata ( 缘毛杨 , 维西杨 )
  • Populus ciupi ( 楸皮杨 )
  • Populus davidiana ( 山杨 )
  • Populus funiushanensis ( 伏牛杨 )
  • Populus girinensis ( 东北杨 )
  • Populus glauca ( 灰背杨 )
  • Populus haoana ( 德钦杨 )
  • Populus heimburgeri (Heimburger's Poplar)
  • Populus hinckleyana (Hinckley's Poplar)
  • Populus honanensis ( 河南杨 )
  • Populus hsinganica ( 兴安杨 )
  • Populus iliensis ( 伊犁杨 )
  • Populus intramongolica ( 内蒙杨 )
  • Populus kangdingensis ( 康定杨 )
  • Populus keerqinensis ( 科尔沁杨 )
  • Populus lancifolia ( 瘦叶杨 )
  • Populus mainlingensis ( 米林杨 )
  • Populus manshurica ( 热河杨 )
  • Populus minhoensis ( 民和杨 )
  • Populus nakaii ( 玉泉杨 )
  • Populus pamirica ( 帕米杨 )
  • Populus parryi (Parry's Cottonwood, Parry's Poplar)
  • Populus pilosa ( 柔毛杨 )
  • Populus platyphylla ( 阔叶青杨 )
  • Populus pruinosa ( 灰胡杨 )
  • Populus przewalskii ( 青甘杨 )
  • Populus pseudoglauca ( 长序杨 )
  • Populus pseudomaximowiczii ( 梧桐杨 )
  • Populus pseudosimonii ( 小青杨 )
  • Populus purdomii ( 冬瓜杨 , 太白杨 , 大叶杨 )
  • Populus qamdoensis ( 昌都杨 )
  • Populus rollandii (?)
  • Populus rouleauiana (?)
  • Populus schneideri ( 西南杨 )
  • Populus shanxiensis ( 青毛杨 )
  • Populus sinxiangensis ( 新乡杨 )
  • Populus smithii (Smith's Poplar)
  • Populus szechuanica ( 川杨 , 高山杨 )
  • Populus talassica ( 密叶杨 )
  • Populus trinervis ( 三脉青杨 )
  • Populus wenxianica ( 文县杨 )
  • Populus wilsonii ( 椅杨 )
  • Populus wuana ( 长叶杨 )
  • Populus xiangchengensis ( 乡城杨 )
  • Populus yatungensis ( 亚东杨 )
  • Populus yuana ( 五瓣杨 )
  • Populus yunsiaomanshanensis ( 云霄杨 )

Poplar (Populus) Hybrid Names

  • Populus ×acuminata (Lanceleaf Cottonwood) = Populus angustifolia × Populus deltoides
  • Populus ×beijingensis ( 北京杨 ) = ?
  • Populus ×berolinensis (Berlin Poplar, Berlin laurel Poplar, Berliner Pappel, 中东杨 ) = Populus angustifolia × Populus deltoides
  • Populus ×brayshawii (Hybrid Balsam Poplar) = ?
  • Populus ×canadensis (Canadian Poplar, Carolina Poplar, Hybrid Black Poplar, Bastard-Schwarz-Pappel, Kanada-Pappel, 加杨 , 加拿大白杨 ) = Populus deltoides × Populus nigra
  • Populus ×canescens (Gray Poplar, Grey Poplar, Matchwood Poplar, Grau-Pappel, Peuplier Grisard) = Populus alba × Populus tremula
  • Populus ×gansuensis ( 二白杨 ) = ?
  • Populus ×generosa (Generous Poplar, Balm-of-Gilead) = Populus trichocarpa × Populus deltoides
  • Populus ×hopeiensis ( 河北杨 , 椴杨 ) = ?
  • Populus ×jackii (Balm-of-Gilead, Balm-of-Gilead-buds, Jack's Poplar) = Populus deltoides × Populus balsamifera
  • Populus ×jrtyschensis ( 额河杨 ) = ?
  • Populus ×inopina (Hybrid Black Poplar) = Populus nigra × Populus fremontii
  • Populus ×moskoviensis = Populus suaveolens × Populus laurifolia
  • Populus ×petrowskiana = Populus deltoides × Populus laurifolia
  • Populus ×pseudotomentosa ( 响毛杨 ) = ?
  • Populus ×rasumowskiana = ?
  • Populus ×vernirubens = ?
  • Populus ×woobstii = Populus laurifolia × Populus balsamifera
  • Populus ×xiaohei ( 小黑杨 ) = ?
  • Populus ×xiaozhuanica ( 小钻杨 ) = ?

Poplar (Populus) Genus Vernacular Names

English: Poplar
حور (شجرة) :العربية
Aragonés: Alamos, Albars
Azərbaycanca: Qovaq
Башҡортса: Тирәк
Беларуская: Таполя
Български: Топола
Brezhoneg: Elv
Català: Pollancre
Чӑвашла: Тирек
česky: Topol
中文: 杨属
Corsu: Piobu (genaru)
Dansk: Poppel
Deutsch: Pappeln
Dolnoserbski: Topoł
Eesti: Pappel, Haab
Ελληνικά: Λεύκα
Español: Álamo
Esperanto: Poplo
Euskara: Makal
فارسی: سپیدار
Français: Peuplier
Gaelg: Pobbyl (billey)
Galego: Lamigueiro
한국어: 사시나무속
Հայերեն: Բարդի
हिन्दी: पोपलर
Hornjoserbsce: Topoł
Hrvatski: Topola
Ido: Poplo
Bahasa Indonesia: Populus
Ирон: Гæдыбæлас
Íslenska: Ösp (ættkvísl)
Italiano: Pioppo
צפצפה :עברית
ქართული: ვერხვი
Қазақша: Терек
Лакку: ХӀави
Лезги: Къавах
Latina: Populus
Latviešu: Apses
Lietuvių: Tuopa
Magyar: Nyárfa
Македонски: Топола
Nederlands: populier / sikkeldikblad
日本語: ポプラ
Nordfriisk: Papeln
Norsk bokmål: Poppelslekten
Occitan: Pibol
Picard: Caroline, Grisard, Peupe
Polski: Topola
Português: Choupo
Română: Plop
Runa Simi: Alamu
Русский: Тополь
Саха тыла: Тирэх
Sicilianu: sittintriunali
Slovenščina: Topoli
Српски / srpski: Топола (дрво)
Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Topola (drvo)
Suomi: Haavat, poppelit
Svenska: Poppelsläktet
Tiếng Việt: Chi Dương
Türkçe: Kavak
Удмурт: Тополь
українська: Тополя
Vèneto: Piopa
Vepsän kel’: Topol'
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