Larch Tree Names, Pictures, Types and Species of the Larix Genus

Picture of a Larch Tree
Larch Tree (Larix decidua)
Picture of a Larch tree
(Larix decidua) in Autumn

Larch tree species are some of the few coniferous trees that lose their leaves (Needles) in autumn / fall, as they are deciduous Conifers. The needles turn yellow and fall in the late autumn, leaving the trees leafless through the winter. The leaves are needle-like, 2–5 centimeters (1–2 Inches) long. See Larch Tree photos for identification below.

Larch cones are erect, small, 1–9 cm (0.5–3 inches) long, green or purple, ripening brown 5–8 months after pollination. Half the species have bract scales that are long and visible, and the others have short or hidden bracts between the seed scales. Species native to northern regions have small cones 1–3 cm (0.5–1.5 inches) with short bracts, whereas more southerly species tending to have longer cones 3–9 cm (1.5–3 inches), often with exserted bracts. The Species with the longest cones and bracts is the southernmost species, native in the central Himalayas, Larix griffithii.

Larch Native Habitats

Growing from 20 to 45 m tall (65 to 147 ft.), Larches are native to much of the cooler temperate northern hemisphere, native to the lowlands in the north and higher on mountains in the south. Larch species are among the dominant trees in the boreal forests of Canada, Russia, and Scandinavia.

Larches as Domestic Specimen Trees

Hardiness in North America;
Some Species known to been grown successfully from USDA Zone 2b (Winter temperatures down to -42.7 °C (-45 °F)) to USDA Zone 9b(Winter temperatures down to -3.8 °C (25 °F))

Soil pH requirements;
6.1 (mildly acidic) to 7.5 (neutral)

Facts about Larch Trees of the Larix Genus
  • Genus Latin Scientific Name = Larix
  • Genus Latin Name Pronunciation: LAR-iks
  • Genus Latin Name Meaning: From the Latin name for larch
  • Genus Common Names = Larch. List of other Larix Vernacular Names
  • Number of Taxa (types) in the Larix Genus =  23
List of Larch Trees, Larix Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
List of Larch (Larix) Tree Species Names
Botanical Tree NameCommon Tree Name Native Location
Larix decidua (syn. Larix europaea)European Larch Mountains of central Europe
Larix decidua 'Pendula'Weeping Larch 'Pendula'Domesticated
Larix decidua var. carpaticaEuropean Larch E. and S. Carpathians
Larix decidua var. deciduaEuropean Larch Alps, Sudeten Mts., W. Carpathians
Larix decidua var. polonicaPolish Mountain LarchPoland (Tatra Mts.)
Larix gmelinii (syn. Larix dahurica) Dahurian Larch Plains of central and eastern Siberia
Larix gmelinii var. gmeliniiDahurian Larch Siberia to Kamchatka and NE. China
Larix gmelinii var. japonicaDahurian Larch Sakhalin to Kuril Islands Russia / Japan
Larix gmelinii var. olgensis (syn. Larix olgensis, Larix lubarskii) Olga Bay Larch, Olgan LarchThe Sikhote-Alin Mountain Range in Russia, rarely occurs in the Jilin and eastern Heilongjiang provinces of China, and in North Korea
Larix gmelinii var. principis-rupprechtiiPrince Rupprecht's LarchChina (N. Shanxi, Hebei, Henan)
Larix griffithii (syn. Larix griffithiana) Himalayan Larch Mountains of eastern Himalaya
Larix griffithii var. speciosa (syn. Larix speciosa)Yunnan Larch, Sikkim Larch SE. Tibet to China (NW. Yunnan), northeast Burma
Larix himalaica Langtang Larch Mountains of central Himalayas
Larix kaempferi (syn. Larix leptolepis) Japanese Larch Mountains of central Japan
Larix laricina Tamarack Larch, American Larch, Hackmatack, Eastern Larch, Red LarchAlaska, Canada, Northern United States from the Eastern Rocky Mountains to the Atlantic shore
Larix lyallii Subalpine Larch Found at very high altitudes in the Mountains of Northwest United States and Southwest Canada
Larix mastersiana Masters' Larch Mountains of western China
Larix occidentalis Western Larch Found at lower altitudes in the Mountains of northwest United States and southwest Canada
Larix potaninii Chinese Larch Mountains of southwestern China
Larix potaninii var. chinensisChinese Larch China (S. Shaanxi)
Larix potaninii var. himalaica¡ ?S. Tibet to Nepal (Langtang Khola)
Larix potaninii var. macrocarpaChinese Larch China (SW. Sichuan, NW. Yunnan)
Larix sibirica Siberian Larch Plains of western Siberia
Larix sukaczewii Russian Larch Russia west of Ural Mountains

List of Tree Names last up-dated on

Names of Larch (Larix) Hybrids

  • Larix × czekanowskii, hybrid between L. gmelinii × L. sibirica
  • Larix × marschlinsii, Dunkeld Hybrid Larch (syn. Larix × eurolepis)

Photos of Larch Trees

Larch (Larix) Genus Vernacular Names

  • English: Larch
  • العربية: أرزية
  • azərbaycanca: Qara şam
  • беларуская: Лістоўніца
  • беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Лістоўніца
  • български: Лиственица
  • català: Làrixs
  • čeština: Modříny
  • Чӑвашла: Çемçе чăрăш
  • Dansk: Lærk
  • Deutsch: Lärchen
  • Dolnoserbski: Larik
  • Ελληνικά: Λάρικας
  • Esperanto: Lariko
  • Eesti: Lehis
  • Euskara: Laritz
  • فارسی: سیاه‌کاج
  • Suomi: Lehtikuuset
  • Nordfriisk: Lerchen
  • Gaeilge: Learóg
  • Hrvatski: Ariš
  • Hornjoserbsce: Larik
  • Magyar: Vörösfenyő
  • Ido: Larico
  • íslenska: Lerki
  • 日本語: カラマツ属
  • ქართული: ლარიქსი
  • 한국어: 잎갈나무속
  • Перем Коми: Лисвеннез, Лисвень
  • Kurdî: Qaj
  • коми: Ниа
  • Lietuvių: Maumedis
  • олык марий: Лыстанпӱнчӧ
  • македонски: Ариши
  • монгол: Шинэс
  • Nedersaksies: Lork
  • Nederlands: Lariks
  • norsk nynorsk: Lerk
  • norsk bokmål: Lerkeslekta
  • Ирон: Сыфнæзы
  • polski: Modrzew
  • русский: Лиственница
  • саха тыла: Тиит
  • српски / srpski: Ариш
  • svenska: Lärkträdssläktet
  • Türkçe: Melez
  • удмурт: Лыстэм пужым
  • українська: Модрина
  • West-Vlams: Lorke
  • 中文: 落叶松属