Tree Species of the Hawthorn (Crataegus) Genus

Picture of a Hawthorn Tree
Hawthorn Tree (Crataegus monogyna)
Picture of a Common Hawthorn Tree

(Crataegus monogyna)

Hawthorn (Crataegus) species are generally very dense shrubs or small trees 5m - 15m (30 feet) tall. All species are listed here, however most can grow as either a shrub or a tree, depending on local growing conditions. Most Hawthorn species have thorny branches. All species flower, producing the fruit commonly known as the "Haw" which is berry like in appearance, but contains a seed stone(s) that birds disperse in their droppings.

The Common name Hawthorn was originally used for Crataegus monogyna (Common Hawthorn), the species native to northern Europe. Now this common name is now used for the entire genus, and also applied to the related Asian genus Rhaphiolepis.

Facts about the Crataegus Genus of Trees
  • Genus Latin Scientific Name = Crataegus
  • Genus Latin Name Pronunciation: krah-TEE-gus
  • Genus Latin Name Meaning: "Hardness" of the wood, referring to the hard quality of the wood.
  • Genus Common Names = Hawthorn, Thornapple, Hawberry, May-tree, Whitehorn, Aubépines
  • Number of Taxa in the Crataegus Genus ≈ 200, plus hybrids, see list of Hawthorn Hybrids.
  • Type Species; Crataegus monogyna (Common Hawthorn)
List of Hawthorn Trees, Crataegus Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
List of Hawthorn Tree Species
Botanical Tree NameCommon Tree Name
Crataegus aemula Rome Hawthorn
Crataegus aestivalis May Hawthorn
Crataegus alma Bountiful Hawthorn
Crataegus almaatensis¡ ?
Crataegus altaica Altai Hawthorn
Crataegus ambigua Russian Hawthorn
Crataegus ambitiosa Grand Rapids Hawthorn
Crataegus anamesa Fort Bend Hawthorn
Crataegus ancisa Mississippi Hawthorn
Crataegus annosa Phoenix City Hawthorn
Crataegus apiomorpha Fort Sheridan Hawthorn
Crataegus aprica Sunny Hawthorn
Crataegus arborea Montgomery Hawthorn
Crataegus arcana Carolina Hawthorn
Crataegus ariaefolia (syn. of Crataegus ×ariifolia) ¡ ?
Crataegus arnoldianaArnold Hawthorn
Crataegus arrogans Dixie Hawthorn
Crataegus ater Nashville Hawthorn
Crataegus atrovirens ¡ ?
Crataegus aurantia ¡ ?
Crataegus austromontana Valley Head Hawthorn
Crataegus azarella¡ ?
Crataegus azarolus Azarole, Azerole, Mediterranean Medlar
Crataegus baroussana¡ ?
Crataegus beadlei Beadle's Hawthorn
Crataegus beata Dunbar's Hawthorn
Crataegus berberifolia Barberry Hawthorn
Crataegus biltmoreana ¡ ?
Crataegus bona Berks County Hawthorn
Crataegus brachyacantha Blueberry Hawthorn, Blueberry Haw
Crataegus brainerdii Brainerd's Hawthorn
Crataegus brazoria Brazos Hawthorn
Crataegus bullatus ¡ ?
Crataegus calpodendron Pear Hawthorn
Crataegus calpodendron var. globosa¡ ?
Crataegus calpodendron var. hispidula¡ ?
Crataegus calpodendron var. microcarpa¡ ?
Crataegus calpodendron var. mollicula¡ ?
Crataegus calpodendron var. obesa¡ ?
Crataegus canadensis Canadian Hawthorn
Crataegus carrollensis Eureka Springs Hawthorn
Crataegus castlegarensis ¡ ?
Crataegus chapmanii¡ ?
Crataegus chlorocarpa ¡ ?
Crataegus chlorosarca ¡ ?
Crataegus chlorosarca var. atrocarpa ¡ ?
Crataegus chrysocarpa (syn. Crataegus mercerensis) Fireberry Hawthorn
Crataegus chrysocarpa var. chrysocarpa Red Haw
Crataegus chrysocarpa var. piperi Piper's Hawthorn
Crataegus chungtienensis¡ ?
Crataegus coccinioides Kansas Hawthorn
Crataegus coleae Cole's Hawthorn
Crataegus columbianaColumbian Hawthorn
Crataegus compacta Clustered Hawthorn
Crataegus compta Adorned Hawthorn
Crataegus condigna River junction Hawthorn
Crataegus consanguinea Tallahassee Hawthorn
Crataegus contrita Southern Hawthorn
Crataegus cordata¡ ?
Crataegus corusca Shiningbranch Hawthorn
Crataegus crus-galli Cockspur Hawthorn
Crataegus cuneata Chinese Hawthorn, Japanese Hawthorn, Sanzashi, Nippon Hawthorn, (Chinese: 山楂; pinyin: Shan zha)
Crataegus cuneiformis¡ ?
Crataegus cuprina¡ ?
Crataegus cupulifera (A synonym of Crataegus scabrida var. egglestoni.)¡ ?
Crataegus curvisepala¡ ?
Crataegus dahurica ¡ ?
Crataegus dallasiana Dallas Hawthorn
Crataegus desueta New York Hawthorn
Crataegus dilatata Broadleaf Hawthorn
Crataegus dispar Aiken Hawthorn
Crataegus disperma Spreading Hawthorn
Crataegus dispessa Mink Hawthorn
Crataegus dissona Northern Hawthorn
Crataegus distincta Distinct Hawthorn
Crataegus dodgei Dodge's Hawthorn
Crataegus douglasii Black Hawthorn, Douglas Hawthorn
Crataegus ellwangeriana¡ ?
Crataegus enderbyensis ¡ ?
Crataegus engelmannii Engelmann's Hawthorn
Crataegus erythrocarpa Red Hawthorn, Red Haw, Wild Haw
Crataegus erythropoda Cerro Hawthorn
Crataegus exilis Slender Hawthorn
Crataegus extraria Marietta Hawthorn
Crataegus flabellata Fanleaf Hawthorn
Crataegus flava Yellowleaf Hawthorn, Yellow-fruited thorn, Summer Haw
Crataegus fontanesiana¡ ?
Crataegus fragilis Fragile Hawthorn
Crataegus fulleriana Fuller's Hawthorn
Crataegus furtiva Albany Hawthorn
Crataegus glareosa Port Huron Hawthorn
Crataegus gracilior¡ ?
Crataegus grandifolia ¡ ?
Crataegus grandis Grand Hawthorn
Crataegus greggiana Gregg's Hawthorn
Crataegus harbisonii Harbison's Hawthorn
Crataegus harveyana Harvey's Hawthorn
Crataegus heldreichii¡ ?
Crataegus helenolae¡ ?
Crataegus helvina Clarkton Hawthorn
Crataegus heterophylla Various-leaved Hawthorn
Crataegus holmesiana Holmes' Hawthorn
Crataegus hupehensis ¡ ?
Crataegus ideae Concord Hawthorn
Crataegus ignave Bedford Springs Hawthorn
Crataegus impar Redclay Hawthorn
Crataegus inanis Oldmaid Hawthorn
Crataegus indicens Mansfield Hawthorn
Crataegus insidiosa Ozark Hawthorn
Crataegus integra Lake Ella Hawthorn
Crataegus intricata Copenhagen Hawthorn, Thicket Hawthorn, Intricate Hawthorn
Crataegus intricata var. boyntonii (syn. Crataegus boyntonii)¡ ?
Crataegus intricata var. neobushii¡ ?
Crataegus intricata var. rubella¡ ?
Crataegus intricata var. straminea¡ ?
Crataegus invicta Fulton Hawthorn
Crataegus iracunda Stolonbearing Hawthorn
Crataegus irrasa Blanchard's Hawthorn
Crataegus jackii¡ ?
Crataegus jesupii Jesup's Hawthorn
Crataegus johnstonii¡ ?
Crataegus jonesiae Miss Jones' Hawthorn
Crataegus kansuensis ¡ ?
Crataegus kelloggii Kellogg's Hawthorn
Crataegus kingstonensis Kingston's Hawthorn
Crataegus knieskerniana Knieskern's Hawthorn
Crataegus korolkowii¡ ?
Crataegus lacrimata Pensacola Hawthorn
Crataegus laevigata Midland Hawthorn, Smooth Hawthorn, English Hawthorn, Double-White English Hawthorn
Crataegus lanata Hoary Hawthorn
Crataegus lanuginosa Woolly Hawthorn
Crataegus latebrosa Densewoods Hawthorn
Crataegus lavallei (Syn of: Crataegus ×lavallei) Lavallée Hawthorn
Crataegus leiomonogyna¡ ?
Crataegus lemingtonensis Lemington Hawthorn
Crataegus lepida Weeping Hawthorn
Crataegus limata Warm Springs Hawthorn
Crataegus limnophila Waterloving Hawthorn
Crataegus lindmanii¡ ?
Crataegus lucorum Grove Hawthorn
Crataegus lumaria Roundleaf Hawthorn
Crataegus macrosperma Bigfruit Hawthorn
Crataegus margarettiae Margarett's Hawthorn
Crataegus marshallii Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw, Parsley-leaved Hawthorn
Crataegus maximowiczii ¡ ?
Crataegus membranacea Tissueleaf Hawthorn
Crataegus menandiana Menand's Hawthorn
Crataegus mendosa Albertville Hawthorn
Crataegus meridionalis Gallion Hawthorn
Crataegus mexicana Mexican Hawthorn, Tejocote, Tejocotera, Manzanita
Crataegus mira Confederate Hawthorn
Crataegus mollis Downy Hawthorn
Crataegus monogyna Common Hawthorn, English Hawthorn, Oneseed Hawthorn, Singleseed Hawthorn, Quickthorn
Crataegus multiflora Inkberry Hawthorn
Crataegus munda Batesburg Hawthorn
Crataegus nananixonii Nixon's Hawthorn
Crataegus necopinata¡ ?
Crataegus nigra Hungarian Hawthorn
Crataegus nitida Glossy Hawthorn
Crataegus nitidula Ontario Hawthorn
Crataegus nuda Nude Hawthorn
Crataegus okanaganensis Okanagan Valley Hawthorn
Crataegus okennonii O'kennon's Hawthorn
Crataegus opaca Mayhaw, Riverflat Hawthorn
Crataegus opulens Rochester Hawthorn
Crataegus orbicularis ¡ ?
Crataegus oresbia¡ ?
Crataegus orientalis ¡ ?
Crataegus osiliensis¡ ?
Crataegus ovata Ovateleaf Hawthorn
Crataegus pallasii¡ ?
Crataegus palmstruchii ¡ ?
Crataegus paludosa Hawthorn
Crataegus panda Florida Hawthorn
Crataegus pearsonii Pearson's Hawthorn
Crataegus pedicellata Scarlet Hawthorn
Crataegus penita Great Smoky Mountain Hawthorn
Crataegus pennsylvanica Pennsylvania Hawthorn
Crataegus pentagyna Small-flowered black Hawthorn
Crataegus pequotorum Connecticut Hawthorn
Crataegus peregrina¡ ?
Crataegus perjucunda Pearthorn
Crataegus persimilis Plumleaf Hawthorn
Crataegus phaenopyrum Washington Hawthorn, Washington Thorn
Crataegus phippsii Phipps' Hawthorn
Crataegus pinetorum Pineland Hawthorn
Crataegus pinnatifida Chinese Haw, Chinese Hawthorn, Chinese Hawberry, shānzhā
Crataegus pinnatifida var. major Chinese Haw
Crataegus pojarkovae¡ ?
Crataegus poliophylla Elegant Hawthorn
Crataegus porrecta Pittsburgh Hawthorn
Crataegus pratensis Prairie Hawthorn
Crataegus pringlei Pringle's Hawthorn
Crataegus prona Illinois Hawthorn
Crataegus pruinosa Waxyfruit Hawthorn, Frosted Hawthorn
Crataegus prunifolia¡ ?
Crataegus pubescens¡ ?
Crataegus pulcherrima Beautiful Hawthorn
Crataegus punctata Dotted Hawthorn, White Haw, White Hawthorn
Crataegus punctata var. inermisOhio Dotted Hawthorn
Crataegus putata Scranton Hawthorn
Crataegus putnamiana¡ ?
Crataegus pycnoloba¡ ?
Crataegus ravida Jeweled Hawthorn
Crataegus remotilobata¡ ?
Crataegus resima Gulf Hawthorn
Crataegus reverchonii Reverchon's Hawthorn
Crataegus rhipidophylla ¡ ?
Crataegus rhipidophylla var. lindmanii ¡ ?
Crataegus rhipidophylla var. rhipidophylla¡ ?
Crataegus rhodella Franklin's Hawthorn
Crataegus rigens Gadsden Hawthorn
Crataegus rivularis River Hawthorn
Crataegus rosei¡ ?
Crataegus rufula Rusty Hawthorn
Crataegus saligna Willow Hawthorn
Crataegus sanguinea Redhaw Hawthorn, Siberian Hawthorn
Crataegus sargentii Sargent's Hawthorn
Crataegus scabrida Rough Hawthorn
Crataegus scabrida var. egglestoni.¡ ?
Crataegus scabrifolia¡ ?
Crataegus schuettei Schuette's Hawthorn
Crataegus shaferi Shafer's Hawthorn
Crataegus shandongensis¡ ?
Crataegus shensiensis¡ ?
Crataegus songarica ¡ ?
Crataegus spathulata Littlehip Hawthorn
Crataegus spatiosa New London Hawthorn
Crataegus spissa Essex Hawthorn
Crataegus stenosepala Duke Hawthorn
Crataegus submollis Quebec Hawthorn
Crataegus suborbiculata Caughuawaga Hawthorn
Crataegus succulenta Fleshy Hawthorn, Succulent Hawthorn
Crataegus suksdorfii Suksdorf's Hawthorn
Crataegus sulfurea¡ ?
Crataegus sutherlandensis Sutherland Hawthorn
Crataegus tanacetifolia Tansy-leaved Thorn
Crataegus tanuphylla Keystone Hawthorn
Crataegus texana Texas Hawthorn
Crataegus thermopegaea Graceful Hawthorn
Crataegus tinctoria Dyed Hawthorn
Crataegus tournefortii¡ ?
Crataegus tracyi Tracy's Hawthorn, Mountain Hawthorn
Crataegus triflora Threeflower Hawthorn, Three-flowered Hawthorn
Crataegus tristis Minute Hawthorn
Crataegus turnerorum Turner's Hawthorn
Crataegus uniflora One-flower Hawthorn, One-flowered Haw, Dwarf Hawthorn
Crataegus uvaldensis Lonestar Hawthorn
Crataegus vailiae Miss Vail's Hawthorn
Crataegus valida Rockmart Hawthorn
Crataegus versuta Johnny Reb Hawthorn
Crataegus viburnifolia Sawtooth Hawthorn
Crataegus viridis Green Hawthorn, Southern Hawthorn
Crataegus viridis var. desertorum Desert Hawthorn
Crataegus viridis var. viridis Green Hawthorn
Crataegus visenda¡ ?
Crataegus vulsa Alabama Hawthorn
Crataegus warneri Warner's Hawthorn
Crataegus wattiana ¡ ?
Crataegus williamsii Williams' Hawthorn
Crataegus wilsonii¡ ?
Crataegus wootoniana Wooton's Hawthorn
Crataegus xanthophylla Buffalo Hawthorn

List of Tree Names last up-dated on

Hawthorn (Crataegus) Cultivars

  • Crataegus 'Carrieri'
  • Crataegus 'smithiana'
  • Crataegus 'Winter King'

Hawthorn Hybrids

Crataegus ×anomala (Arnold Hawthorn, Hybrid between Crataegus intricata and Crataegus mollis)
Crataegus ×ariifolia
Crataegus ×brevipes
Crataegus ×dsungarica (Hybrid between Crataegus songarica and Crataegus wattiana)
Crataegus ×grignonensis (Grignon Hawthorn)
Crataegus ×haemacarpa
Crataegus ×hudsonica
Crataegus ×immanis
Crataegus ×incaedua
Crataegus ×kennedyi
Crataegus ×laneyi
Crataegus ×lauta
Crataegus ×lavallei (Lavallée hawthorn, Crataegus lavallei)
Crataegus ×lettermanii
Crataegus ×macrocarpa (Hybrid of Crataegus monogyna and Crataegus rhipidophylla)
Crataegus ×maligna
Crataegus ×media (Hybrid between Crataegus monogyna and Crataegus laevigata)
Crataegus ×mordenensis (Morden Hawthorn), (Hybrid of Crataegus laevigata and Crataegus succulenta)
Crataegus ×notha
Crataegus ×peckietta
Crataegus ×pilosa
Crataegus ×puberis
Crataegus ×rubrocarnea
Crataegus ×simulata
Crataegus ×sinaica (Za'rur or Za'rur al-awdiyah)
Crataegus ×smithiana (Red Mexican Hawthorn), (Syn of: Crataegus 'smithiana')
Crataegus ×vailiae
Crataegus ×viidumaegica
Crataegus ×websteri
Crataegus ×whittakeri

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