Yellowwood Tree Types and Species of the Cladrastis Genus
|Picture of a Yellowwood Tree|
American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea)
The genus name Cladrastis derives from the Greek "klados" = branch, and "thraustos" = fragile, referring to the brittle nature of the twigs. The Common name "Yellowwood" comes from the yellow color of the wood from this tree.
Cladrastis (Yellowwood) is a genus of small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10m ↔ 20m (30ft ↔ 60ft) tall. Cladrastis is native to eastern Asia, and one species to southeastern North America.
The leaves are compound pinnate, with 5 ↔ 17 alternately arranged leaflets. The Bark is smooth and light gray. The white or pink flowers are fragrant, produced in racemes or panicles 15 ↔ 40 cm long. The fruit is a pod 3 ↔ 8 cm long, containing one to six seeds.
Facts about the Cladrastis Genus of Trees
- Genus Latin Scientific Name = Cladrastis
- Genus Name Pronunciation: kluh-DRAS-tis
- Genus Name Meaning: From the Greek "klados" = branch and "thraustos" = fragile, referring to the brittle nature of the twigs.
- Genus Common Names = Yellowwood, Yellow Wood
- Number of Taxa in the Cladrastis Genus = 8, and 2 Yellowwood cultivars
List of Yellowwood Trees, Cladrastis Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
|Botanical Tree Name||Common Tree Name|
|Cladrastis delavayi||Chinese Yellowwood, Chinesisches Gelbholz, Kinesisk Gulved|
|Cladrastis kentukea |
(synonyms; Cladrastis albiflora, Cladrastis fragrans, Cladrastis lutea, Cladrastis tinctoria)
|Kentucky Yellowwood, American Yellowwood, Virgilia|
|Cladrastis parvifolia||(Native to Guanxi, China)|
|Cladrastis platycarpa |
(syn: Cladrastis yungchunii)
|Cladrastis scandens||(Native to Guizhou, China)|
|Cladrastis sikokiana||(Native to Southern Japan)|
|Cladrastis sinensis||Chinese Yellow Wood|
|Cladrastis wilsonii |
(syn: Cladrastis lichuanensis)
|(Native to Central China)|
List of Tree Names last up-dated on
- Cladrastis ×kentukea 'Perkins Pink' or Cladrastis ×kentukea 'Rosea'
- Cladrastis ×kentukea 'tomentosa'