Mandarin Orange Tree and Tangerine Names (Citrus reticulata)
|Picture of a Mandarin Orange Tree|
Picture of a Mandarin Orange tree
The Mandarin Orange Tree, Citrus reticulata species is primarily grown for its fruit production. This species of Citrus is also known as the "True Orange Tree", as there are many species of Citrus trees known as Orange Trees.
One of the most well known varieties of the Mandarin Orange Tree is the Tangerine tree group, comprised of many varieties known as Tangerines, and sometimes botanically referred to as (Citrus tangerina). In English the names "tangerine" and "mandarin" are used almost interchangeably for the same fruit tree, however historically the name "tangerine" refers to reddish orange colour mandarin tree fruits exported out of Tangiers in Morocco Africa to Europe and America in the late 1800’s.
Some of the most well known Mandarin orange tree Hybrids are for example the Sweet Orange Tree, and the Clementine Tree.
Facts about Mandarin Orange, (Citrus reticulata) species of trees for identification;
- Species Scientific Name: reticulata
- Species Latin Name Pronunciation: rēticulātā
- Species Latin Name Meaning: net-like (as in describing the peel of the fruit)
- Species Common Names: In English; Mandarin Orange. ("mandarine" derives from the French name for this fruit "Mandarinier").
For other languages see; List of other Mandarin Tree (Citrus reticulata) Vernacular Names.
- Species Other Common Names: See;
List of Mandarin Orange Tree Varieties.
List of Mandarin Orange Tree Hybrids.
List of Mandarin Orange Tree (Citrus reticulata) Synonyms.
Mandarin Orange Tree Growth Habit
The flowers of Mandarin orange trees are borne singly, or a few together. The fruit peel is bright orange or reddish-orange when ripe, and separates easily from the segments beneath, compared to other Citrus Fruit Species. Mature Mandarin orange trees may reach a height of 7.5 m (25' ft) with a larger canopy spread when grown naturally. If grown in a fruit tree farm; the natural growth shape is typically altered for fruit harvesting purposes. Mandarin orange trees are naturally thorny, with broad or slender lancelet leaves, some having narrow winged petioles.
Mandarin Orange Cold Hardiness
Most Mandarin trees can grow successfully in the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F) and warmer.
Mandarin oranges are much more cold hardy than the sweet orange, and the tree is more drought tolerant.
- Tangerine group. (syn. Citrus tangerina) A group of Mandarin orange varieties known as Tangerines;
- Bang Mot tangerine (Citrus reticulata 'Bang Mot')
- Cleopatra mandarin, Tangerine 'Cleopatra', 'Ponki', or 'Spice' (Citrus reticulata 'Ponki', or 'Spice') syn; Citrus reshni
- Kid-glove orange, Tangerine 'Dancy', zipper-skin tangerine (Citrus reticulata 'Dancy'). Discovered in the fruit grove of Col. G.L. Dancy at Buena Vista, Florida, USA. Cultivation began in 1871 or 1872. It is thought that this tree may have originated from China.
- Tangerine 'Sunburst' (Citrus reticulata 'Sunburst'). Popular in Florida, USA.
- Mandarin 'Changsa' (Citrus reticulata 'Changsa') Grown as an ornamental as the fruits are not favorable, however this tree has high cold resistance, it has survived -15º C (5º F).
- Mandarin 'Emperor' (Citrus reticulata 'Emperor') Discovered in Australia, and became popular there as a commercial cultivar.
- Mandarin 'Le-dar' (Citrus reticulata 'Le-dar') A climbing variety of Mandarin orange discovered in Queensland, Australia, about 1959.
- Mandarin 'Oneco' (Citrus reticulata 'Oneco') From northwestern India, the tree grows large and vigorous, producing medium to large slightly pear-shaped fruit.
- Mandarin 'Willow-leaf' or China Mandarin (Citrus reticulata 'Willow-leaf') The tree is small to medium, growing very slender, willowy branches, almost thorn-less, with slim lance leaves. Grown mainly as an ornamental or for breeding.
- Pixie mandarin, Pixie tangerine, Nanfengmiju (Citrus reticulata). Synonym; Citrus depressa.
- Satsuma group, or Emerald Tangerine (Citrus reticulata var. satsuma). Syn; Citrus unshiu. A group of Mandarin orange varieties known as Satsuma's;
- Satsuma 'Owari' (Citrus reticulata var. satsuma 'Owari')
- Satsuma 'Wase' (Citrus reticulata var. satsuma 'Wase') Discovered at several sites in Japan from before 1895.
- Sweet Orange Tree (Citrus × sinensis). Comprised of ≈75% Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata) × ≈25% Pumelo tree (Citrus maxima) This is the most grown Citrus tree in the world, for its fruits known as the "Orange".
- Clementine, Thanksgiving Orange, Christmas orange, Algerian Tangerine (Citrus × clementina = Citrus reticulata × Citrus ×sinensis). The Clementine crossed with pollen of the 'Orlando' tangelo (Citrus × tangelo) produced the hybrid selections known as; 'Robinson', 'Osceola', and 'Lee', released in 1959.
- Clemenules (Citrus × clementina 'Nules') A variety of a Clementine hybrid named for the Spanish town where it was first bred.
- Tangor 'King', King orange, Cam sành, King Tangor, King Mandarin (Citrus reticulata × Citrus ×sinensis )
- Satsuma 'Kara' (Citrus reticulata var. satsuma 'Kara') = Citrus reticulata var. satsuma 'Owari' × 'King' tangor)
- Murcott, Honey Tangerine (Citrus reticulata × Citrus ×sinensis)
- Ponkan, Chinese Honey Orange (Citrus × poonensis = Citrus reticulata × Citrus maxima)
- Tangelo, honeybells (Citrus × tangelo = Citrus reticulata × Citrus maxima OR × Citrus paradisi). A Citrus tree hybrid of tangerine and pomelo OR grapefruit.
Deutsch: Mandarinen, Mandarinenbaum, Tangerine
English: Mandarin orange, Tangerine, Swatow orange.
português: mandarina, bergamota, tangerina
中文: gan ju
Citrus aurantium f. deliciosa
Citrus aurantium subsp. suntra
Citrus × aurantium var. tachibana
Citrus aurantium var. tachibana
Citrus crenatifolia var. lycopersiciformis
Citrus madurensis var. deliciosa
Citrus × nobilis var. deliciosa
Citrus nobilis var. deliciosa
Citrus nobilis var. deliciosa
Citrus × nobilis var. koozi
Citrus nobilis var. major
Citrus × nobilis var. papillaris
Citrus × nobilis var. ponki
Citrus × nobilis var. poonensis
Citrus nobilis var. spontanea
Citrus × nobilis var. sunki
Citrus nobilis var. tachibana
Citrus × nobilis var. unshiu
Citrus nobilis var. vangasy
Citrus papillaris var. chrysocarpa
Citrus reticulata var. austera
Citrus reticulata var. chrysocarpa
Citrus reticulata subsp. deliciosa
Citrus reticulata subsp. tachibana
Citrus reticulata subsp. unshiu