Chestnut Tree Names and Types of Castanea Species

Picture of a Chestnut Tree
Sweet Chestnut Tree, Castanea sativa
Leaves and nuts of the Sweet Chestnut tree, (Castanea sativa).

Chestnut trees (Castanea genus) are also commonly known as Chinkapin or Chinquapin. The common name Chestnut refers to the edible nuts the trees produce. There are 10 taxa of Castanea, (9 species and 3 hybrids). Chestnuts are native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Chestnuts should not be confused with Horse Chestnuts (genus Aesculus) so named for producing nuts of similar appearance, however they are not edible.

There are four main types of Chestnut tree species, commonly known as American, Chinese, European, and Japanese Chestnuts;

American Chestnut Species;
These include American Chestnut (Castanea dentata), American or Allegheny chinkapin, also known as Dwarf Chestnut (Castanea pumila) and in the Southern states (Castanea alnifolia).

Chinese Chestnut Species;
Chinese Chestnut (Castanea mollissima), Chinese Timber Chinquapin also called Henry's Chestnut (Castanea henryi) and Seguin's Chestnut (Castanea seguinii).

European Chestnut Species;
Sweet Chestnut, (Castanea sativa) also called "Spanish Chestnut" in the US, is the only European species of Chestnut.

Japanese Chestnut Species;
Japanese Chestnut (Castanea crenata).

Facts about the Chestnut (Castanea) Genus of Trees
List of Chestnut Trees, Castanea Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
List of Chestnut, Chinquapin Tree Names
Botanical Tree NameCommon Tree Name
Castanea alnifolia (Possibly a synonym of Castanea pumila)Bush Chinkapin, Florida Chinkapin
Castanea crenata
(syn. Castanea japonica, Castanea pubinervis, Castanea stricta, Castanea vesca var. pubinervis)
Japanese Chestnut
Castanea dentata
(syn. Castanea americana)
American Chestnut
Castanea henryi Henry's Chestnut
Castanea mollissima Chinese Chestnut
Castanea ozarkensis Ozark Chinkapin, Ozark Chinquapin
Castanea pumila Allegheny Chinkapin, Chinkapin, Golden Chinquapin, Dwarf Chestnut, Chinquapin, Chinkapin
Castanea sativa
(syn. Castanea vesca, Castanea vulgaris, Fagus castanea, Fagus procera)
European Chestnut, Sweet Chestnut, Spanish Chestnut
Castanea seguinii Seguin's Chestnut

List of Tree Names last up-dated on

Photos and Pictures of Chestnut Trees

Chestnut Seed Nuts
Chestnut Tree showing seed nuts (Chestnuts)
inside the burr (cupule) that is splitting open.
Chestnut Tree Leaf
Chestnut tree leaf from Castanea sativa

List of Chestnut Tree (Castanea) Hybrids;

  • Castanea ×fleetii, = Castanea crenata × Castanea pumila
  • Castanea ×neglecta = Castanea dentata × Castanea pumila
  • Castanea 'Bouche de Bétizac' = Castanea crenata × Castanea sativa

List of Chestnut Tree Vernacular Names;

English: Chestnut, Chinkapin
česky: Kaštanovník
Dansk: Kastanje
Deutsch: Kastanien
Français: Châtaignier
Italiano: Castagno
македонски: Костен
Nederlands: Kastanje
Suomi: Kastanjat
Türkçe: Kestane
українська: Каштан
中文: 栗