Chestnut Tree Names and Types of Castanea Species
|Picture of a Chestnut Tree|
Leaves and nuts of the Sweet Chestnut tree, (Castanea sativa).
Chestnut trees (Castanea genus) are also commonly known as Chinkapin or Chinquapin. The common name Chestnut refers to the edible nuts the trees produce. There are 10 taxa of Castanea, (9 species and 3 hybrids). Chestnuts are native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Chestnuts should not be confused with Horse Chestnuts (genus Aesculus) so named for producing nuts of similar appearance, however they are not edible.
There are four main types of Chestnut tree species, commonly known as American, Chinese, European, and Japanese Chestnuts;
American Chestnut Species;
These include American Chestnut (Castanea dentata), American or Allegheny chinkapin, also known as Dwarf Chestnut (Castanea pumila) and in the Southern states (Castanea alnifolia).
Chinese Chestnut Species;
Chinese Chestnut (Castanea mollissima), Chinese Timber Chinquapin also called Henry's Chestnut (Castanea henryi) and Seguin's Chestnut (Castanea seguinii).
European Chestnut Species;
Sweet Chestnut, (Castanea sativa) also called "Spanish Chestnut" in the US, is the only European species of Chestnut.
Japanese Chestnut Species;
Japanese Chestnut (Castanea crenata).
Facts about the Chestnut (Castanea) Genus of Trees
- Genus Latin Scientific Name = Castanea.
- Genus Latin Name Pronunciation: kas-TAN-nee-uh
- Genus Latin Name Meaning: The Latin name for Sweet Chestnut.
- Genus Common Names = Chestnut. List of Chestnut Tree Vernacular Names.
- Number of Taxa in the Castanea Genus = 9, and 3 Chestnut hybrids.
- Photos and Pictures of Chestnut Trees
List of Chestnut Trees, Castanea Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
|Botanical Tree Name||Common Tree Name|
|Castanea alnifolia (Possibly a synonym of Castanea pumila)||Bush Chinkapin, Florida Chinkapin|
|Castanea crenata |
(syn. Castanea japonica, Castanea pubinervis, Castanea stricta, Castanea vesca var. pubinervis)
|Castanea dentata |
(syn. Castanea americana)
|Castanea henryi||Henry's Chestnut|
|Castanea mollissima||Chinese Chestnut|
|Castanea ozarkensis||Ozark Chinkapin, Ozark Chinquapin|
|Castanea pumila||Allegheny Chinkapin, Chinkapin, Golden Chinquapin, Dwarf Chestnut, Chinquapin, Chinkapin|
|Castanea sativa |
(syn. Castanea vesca, Castanea vulgaris, Fagus castanea, Fagus procera)
|European Chestnut, Sweet Chestnut, Spanish Chestnut|
|Castanea seguinii||Seguin's Chestnut|
List of Tree Names last up-dated on
- Castanea ×fleetii, = Castanea crenata × Castanea pumila
- Castanea ×neglecta = Castanea dentata × Castanea pumila
- Castanea 'Bouche de Bétizac' = Castanea crenata × Castanea sativa