Serviceberry Tree Names and Types of Amelanchier Species
|Picture of a Serviceberry Tree|
Amelanchier utahensis, the Utah Serviceberry, picture by Stan Shebs, Picture use (cc2)
The Amelanchier genus is made up of about 20 species of shrubs and small deciduous trees commonly known as Serviceberry, Shadbush, Sarvisberry, Juneberry, Saskatoon serviceberry, Shadblow, Shadwood, Sugarplum, and Wild-plum.
Serviceberry species have erect or drooping flowers in clusters of one to four flowers, or in racemes with 4 to 20 flowers. The flowers have five white (rarely pink, yellow, or streaked with red), linear petals. The flowers appear in early spring, such as "when the shad run" (a fish) according to tradition (leading to names such as "shadbush"). The fruit is a berry type pome, red to purple to nearly black at maturity in summer.
The fruit of several Amelanchier species are excellent to eat straight from the plant, tasting similar to a blueberry with a nutty flavor. The fruit can be harvested for pies and jams. The Saskatoon serviceberry berry is harvested for commercial production. The Native American food pemmican was flavored by shadbush fruits in combination with fat and dried meats, and the stems were made into arrow shafts.
Some Serviceberry species are very popular as ornamental, landscaping shrubs, and used for their flowers, bark, and fall color. All Amelanchier species need similar conditions to grow well, requiring acceptable soil, good drainage, air circulation (to discourage leaf diseases), watering during drought.
Facts about the Amelanchier Genus of Trees
- Genus Latin Scientific Name = Amelanchier.
- Genus Latin Name Pronunciation: am-uh-LAN-kee-er.
- Genus Latin Name Meaning: From an old French common name for this plant.
- Genus Common Names = Serviceberry. List of Amelanchier Vernacular names
- Number of Taxa in the Amelanchier Genus = 20. List of Amelanchier Hybrids
List of Serviceberry Shrubs and Trees, Amelanchier Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
|Botanical Tree Name||Common Tree Name|
|Amelanchier alnifolia||Saskatoon serviceberry|
|Amelanchier alnifolia var. alnifolia||Saskatoon serviceberry|
|Amelanchier alnifolia var. cusickii||Cusick's serviceberry|
|Amelanchier alnifolia var. humptulipensis||Saskatoon serviceberry|
|Amelanchier alnifolia var. semiintegrifolia||Saskatoon serviceberry|
|Amelanchier arborea||Common serviceberry|
|Amelanchier arborea var. alabamensis||Alabama serviceberry|
|Amelanchier arborea var. arborea||Common serviceberry|
|Amelanchier arborea var. austromontana||Downy serviceberry|
|Amelanchier bartramiana||Oblongfruit serviceberry|
|Amelanchier canadensis||Canadian serviceberry|
|Amelanchier interior||Pacific serviceberry|
|Amelanchier laevis||Allegheny serviceberry|
|Amelanchier pallida||Pale serviceberry|
|Amelanchier sanguinea||Roundleaf serviceberry|
|Amelanchier sanguinea var. gaspensis||Gaspé serviceberry|
|Amelanchier sanguinea var. sanguinea||Roundleaf serviceberry|
|Amelanchier utahensis||Utah serviceberry|
|Amelanchier utahensis var. covillei||Coville's serviceberry|
|Amelanchier utahensis var. utahensis||Utah serviceberry|
Note that Amelanchier species names are often used interchangeably in retail outlets. Many Amelanchier arborea plants that are for sale are actually hybrids, or sometimes totally different species altogether.
English: Serviceberry, Saskatoon, June berry, Shad blow
Türkçe: Kaya armudu