Maple Trees Names, Pictures and Types of Acer Species

Pictures of Maple Trees
Picture of a Maple Sycamore Tree Leaf
Leaf of a Sycamore Maple (Acer pseudoplatanus).
Photo by Willow, Picture use (cc2)
Sugar Maple Tree
Sugar maple tree, (Acer saccharum).
Photo by Bruce Marlin, Picture use (cc2)

There are many types of Maple (Acer) species, and this genus consists of tree and shrub growth form types. This genus contains mostly species that are deciduous trees growing to 10 to 45m (30 to 145ft) in height, see Maple pictures on this page. Other species of the Acer genus are shrubs less than 10m (30ft) tall with a number of small trunks (and or branches) originating at ground level. Most Maple species are deciduous, however a few species in southern Asia and the Mediterranean region are evergreen.

Maple Tree Identification;

Maple trees can be easily identified by their leaves. The leaves in most species are palmate veined and lobed, with 3-9 (rarely to 13) veins each leading to a lobe, one of which is central or apical. A small number of species differ in having palmate compound, pinnate compound, pinnate veined or un-lobed leaves.

Several species, including Acer griseum (Paperbark Maple), Acer mandshuricum (Manchurian Maple), Acer maximowiczianum (Nikko Maple), and Acer triflorum (Three-flowered Maple), have trifoliate leaves.
One species, Acer negundo (Box-elder), has pinnately compound leaves that may be simply trifoliate or may have five, seven, or rarely nine leaflets.
A few, such as Acer laevigatum and Acer carpinifolium (Hornbeam Maple), have pinnately-veined simple leaves.
Many species of Maple can be grown as Bonsai Trees.

Facts about the Maple (Acer) Genus of Trees;
  • Genus Latin Scientific Name = Acer.
  • Genus Latin Name Pronunciation: AY-ser
  • Genus Latin Name Meaning: Acer is from the Latin word for acrid or sharp, referring to Maple's hardness and the ancient Roman use of the wood for spears.
  • Genus Common Names = Maple, Sycamore, Boxelder. List of Acer Vernacular names
  • Number of Species in the Acer Genus = 191 and 16 Maple hybrids, these numbers don't include the 1000's of Maple Cultivars of which some are listed on this page.
List of Maple Trees, Acer Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second
List of Maple Tree Species Names
Botanical Tree NameCommon Tree Name
Acer acuminatum ¡ ?
Acer aidzuense ¡ ?
Acer albopurpurascens syn. Acer oblongum ¡ ?
Acer ambiguum syn. Acer pictum ¡ ?
Acer amplum Broad Maple
Acer argutum Deep-veined Maple
Acer barbatum syn. Acer floridanum Southern sugar Maple
Acer barbinerve Bearded Maple
Acer buergerianum Trident Maple
Acer caesium Himalayan Maple
Acer calcaratum ¡ ?
Acer campbellii Campbell's Maple
Acer campestre Hedge Maple, Field Maple
Acer capillipes Kyushu Maple
Acer cappadocicum Cappadocian Maple
Acer carpinifolium Hornbeam Maple
Acer caudatifolium Kawakami Maple
Acer caudatum Tail-leaf Maple
Acer ceriferum ¡ ?
Acer chapaense ¡ ?
Acer cinnamomifolium syn. Acer coriaceifolium ¡ ?
Acer circinatum Vine Maple
Acer circumlobatum syn. Acer japonicum ¡ ?
Acer cissifolium Ivyleaf Maple, Vine-leaved Maple
Acer confertifolium ¡ ?
Acer cordatum ¡ ?
Acer coriaceifolium Leatherleaf Maple ¡ ?
Acer crassum ¡ ?
Acer crataegifolium Hawthorn-leaved Maple
Acer creticum syn. Acer orientale ¡ ?
Acer davidii David's Maple
Acer diabolicum Horned Maple
Acer discolor ¡ ?
Acer distylum Lime-leaved Maple
Acer duplicatoserratum ¡ ?
Acer elegantulum ¡ ?
Acer erianthum ¡ ?
Acer erythranthum ¡ ?
Acer eucalyptoides ¡ ?
Acer fabri Faber Maple
Acer fedschenkoanum syn. Acer pentapomicum ¡ ?
Acer fengii ¡ ?
Acer fenzelianum Fenzl's Maple
Acer flabellatum ¡ ?
Acer floridanum Florida Maple, Southern Sugar Maple
Acer forrestii Forrest's Maple
Acer franchetii ¡ ?
Acer garrettii ¡ ?
Acer ginnala Amur Maple
Acer giraldii Girald's Maple
Acer glabrum Rocky Mountain Maple
Acer glabrum var. diffusum Rocky Mountain Maple
Acer glabrum var. douglasii Douglas Maple
Acer glabrum var. glabrum Rocky Mountain Maple
Acer glabrum var. greenei Greene's Maple
Acer glabrum var. neomexicanum New Mexico Maple
Acer glabrum var. torreyi Torrey Maple
Acer granatense Spanish Maple
Acer grandidentatum Bigtooth Maple
Acer grandidentatum var. grandidentatum Bigtooth Maple
Acer grandidentatum var. sinuosum Canyon Maple
Acer griseum Paperbark Maple
Acer grosseri Grosser's Maple
Acer hainanense syn. Acer laevigatum ¡ ?
Acer heldreichii Heldreich's Maple or Greek Maple
Acer henryi Henry's Maple
Acer hersii syn. Acer grosseri ¡ ?
Acer hyrcanum Balkan Maple
Acer insulare ¡ ?
Acer japonicum Downy Japanese Maple, Amur Maple
Acer kiukiangense ¡ ?
Acer komarovii syn. Acer tschonoskii ¡ ?
Acer kuomeii ¡ ?
Acer kweilinense ¡ ?
Acer laevigatum Smoothbark Maple
Acer lampingense ¡ ?
Acer laurinum ¡ ?
Acer laxiflorum ¡ ?
Acer leipoense ¡ ?
Acer leucoderme Chalk Maple
Acer linganense ¡ ?
Acer lobelii Lobel's Maple
Acer longipes ¡ ?
Acer lucidum ¡ ?
Acer macrophyllum Bigleaf Maple, Oregon Maple
Acer mandshuricum Manchurian Maple
Acer mapienense ¡ ?
Acer maximowiczianum Nikko Maple
Acer maximowiczii Maximowicz's Maple
Acer miaoshanicum ¡ ?
Acer miaotaiense‎ ¡ ?
Acer micranthum ¡ ?
Acer miyabei Miyabe's Maple
Acer mono (syn. Acer pictum) ¡ ?
Acer monspessulanum Montpelier Maple
Acer montanum (syn. Acer spicatum) ¡ ?
Acer morifolium ¡ ?
Acer nayongense ¡ ?
Acer negundo Boxelder, Manitoba Maple, Box elder
Acer negundo var. arizonicum Arizona boxelder
Acer negundo var. californicum California boxelder
Acer negundo var. interius Boxelder
Acer negundo var. negundo Boxelder
Acer negundo var. texanum Boxelder
Acer negundo var. violaceum Boxelder
Acer nigrum Black Maple
Acer nikoense syn. Acer maximowiczianum ¡ ?
Acer nipponicum Nippon Maple
Acer oblongum ¡ ?
Acer obtusifolium Syrian Maple
Acer olivaceum ¡ ?
Acer oliverianum Oliver's Maple
Acer opalus Italian Maple
Acer opalus ssp. obtusatum ¡ ?
Acer opulifolium syn. Acer opalus ¡ ?
Acer orientale ¡ ?
Acer palmatum Japanese Maple
Acer palmatum var. dissectum 
Acer pauciflorum ¡ ?
Acer paxii ¡ ?
Acer pectinatum ¡ ?
Acer pensylvanicum Striped Maple, Moosewood
Acer pentaphyllum ¡ ?
Acer pentapomicum ¡ ?
Acer pictum ¡ ?
Acer pilosum ¡ ?
Acer platanoides Norway Maple
Acer pseudoplatanus Sycamore Maple, Sycamore, Scottish maple, Celtic maple
Acer pseudosieboldianum Korean Maple
Acer pubescens syn. Acer pentapomicum ¡ ?
Acer pubipalmatum ¡ ?
Acer pycnanthum ¡ ?
Acer regelii syn. Acer pentapomicum ¡ ?
Acer robustum ¡ ?
Acer rubescens ¡ ?
Acer rubrum Red Maple
Acer rubrum var. drummondii Drummond's Maple
Acer rubrum var. rubrum Red Maple
Acer rubrum var. trilobum Red Maple
Acer rufinerve Redvein Maple
Acer saccharinum Silver Maple, Soft Maple, River Maple, Silverleaf Maple, White Maple
Acer saccharum Sugar Maple
Acer saccharum var. saccharum Sugar Maple
Acer saccharum var. schneckii Sugar Maple
Acer schneiderianum ¡ ?
Acer semenovii ¡ ?
Acer sempervirens Cretan Maple
Acer serrulatum syn. Acer oliverianum ¡ ?
Acer shangszeense ¡ ?
Acer shihweii ¡ ?
Acer shirasawanum Shirasawa's Maple
Acer sichourense ¡ ?
Acer sieboldianum Siebold's Maple
Acer sikkimense ¡ ?
Acer sinense Campbell's Maple
Acer sino-oblongum ¡ ?
Acer sinopurpurascens ¡ ?
Acer skutchii Skutch's Maple
Acer spicatum Mountain Maple
Acer stachyophyllum Birch-leaved Maple
Acer sterculiaceum ¡ ?
Acer sunyiense ¡ ?
Acer sutchuenense ¡ ?
Acer sycopseoides ¡ ?
Acer syriacum syn. Acer obtusifolium ¡ ?
Acer taipuense ¡ ?
Acer tataricum Tatarian Maple, Tatar Maple
Acer tataricum var. torminaloides ¡ ?
Acer tegmentosum ¡ ?
Acer tenellum ¡ ?
Acer tetramerum syn. Acer stachyophyllum ¡ ?
Acer tibetense ¡ ?
Acer tonkinense ¡ ?
Acer trautvetteri Red-bud Maple or Trautvetter's Maple
Acer triflorum Three flowered Maple
Acer trilobatum syn. Acer monspessulanum ¡ ?
Acer truncatum Shandong Maple
Acer tschonoskii ¡ ?
Acer tutcheri ¡ ?
Acer ukurunduense Ukurundu Maple
Acer undulatum ¡ ?
Acer vanvolxemii syn. Acer velutinum ¡ ?
Acer velutinum Velvet Maple
Acer villosum syn. Acer sterculiaceum ¡ ?
Acer wangchii ¡ ?
Acer wardii ¡ ?
Acer wilsonii Wilson's Maple
Acer wuyuanense ¡ ?
Acer yangbiense ¡ ?
Acer yaoshanicum ¡ ?
Acer yinkunii ¡ ?
Acer yuii ¡ ?
Sycamore Maple (Acer pseudoplatanus) showing leaves and seeds
Sycamore Maple
(Acer pseudoplatanus)
showing leaves and seeds.
Picture by Franz Xaver,
Picture use (cc2)
Maple Tree Leaves showing orange fall colors
Japanese Maple Tree (Acer palmatum)
Leaves showing orange Autumn colors,
with bamboo growing amongst the trees.

List of Maple (Acer) Hybrid Names

Acer × bormuelleri (Acer monspessulanum × Acer campestre or Acer opalus)
Acer × boscii (Acer monspessulanum × Acer tataricum or Acer pensylvanicum × Acer tataricum, possibly Acer tataricum × Acer campestre)
Acer × conspicuum (Acer davidii × Acer pensylvanicum)
Acer × coriaceum (Acer monspessulanum × Acer opalus' ssp. obtusatum)
Acer × dieckii syn. Acer platanoides
Acer × durrettii syn. Acer coriaceum
Acer × freemanii (Acer rubrum × Acer saccharinum) Freeman Maple
Acer × hillieri (Acer miyabei × Acer cappadocicum) 'Aureum' Maple
Acer × hybridum syn. Acer pseudoplatanus
Acer × martinii (Acer monspessulanum × Acer opalus)
Acer × pseudo-heldreichii (Acer pseudoplatanus × Acer heldreichii)
Acer × ramosum (Acer monspessulanum × Acer opalus)
Acer × rotundilobum syn. Acer × coriaceum
Acer × schwerinii (uncertain, maybe Acer crataegifolium × Acer rufinerve)
Acer × senecaense ?
Acer × zoeschense (Acer campestre × Acer cappadocicum or Acer lobelii)

List of Maple Cultivars

  • Acer palmatum 'Aka shigitatsu sawa' - pinkish-white leaves with green veins
  • Acer palmatum 'Ao ba jo' - a dwarf with bronze-green summer foliage
  • Acer palmatum 'Atropurpureum' - wine-red, including new branches
  • Acer palmatum 'Bloodgood' - an improved cultivar of 'Atropurpureum'
  • Acer palmatum 'Burgundy Lace' -
  • Acer palmatum 'Butterfly' - small leaves with white borders
  • Acer palmatum 'Chitose-Yama' -
  • Acer palmatum 'Crimson Queen' - (see under Acer palmatum var. dissectum)
  • Acer palmatum 'Dissectum' - lace-like leaves, drooping habit
  • Acer palmatum 'Dissectum Atropurpureum' -
  • Acer palmatum var. dissectum 'Garnet' -
  • Acer palmatum var. dissectum 'Inaba-shidare' -
  • Acer palmatum var. dissectum 'Crimson Queen' -
  • Acer palmatum var. dissectum 'Seiryu' - a green, tree-like shrub with finely dissected leaves
  • Acer palmatum 'Emperor 1' -
  • Acer palmatum 'Garnet' - (see under 'Dissectum atropurpureum')
  • Acer palmatum 'Golden Pond' - greenish-yellow summer foliage
  • Acer palmatum 'Goshiki koto hime' - a delicate, variegated dwarf
  • Acer palmatum 'Higasa yama' - crinkled leaves variegated with yellow
  • Acer palmatum 'Hogyuko' - rich green leaves, turning orange in autumn
  • Acer palmatum 'Hupp's Dwarf' - a small, dense shrub with miniature leaves
  • Acer palmatum 'Inaba-shidare' - (see under 'Dissectum atropurpureum')
  • Acer palmatum 'Issai nishiki kawazu' - very rough, rigid bark
  • Acer palmatum 'Kagiri nishiki' - similar to 'Butterfly' but more pinkish tones
  • Acer palmatum 'Karasu gawa' - slow-growing variegate with brilliant pink and white
  • Acer palmatum 'Katsura' - yellow-green leaves tipped with orange
  • Acer palmatum 'Koto no ito' - light green, thread-like leaves
  • Acer palmatum 'Little Princess' - a sparsely branched dwarf with irregular habit
  • Acer palmatum 'Mama' - a bushy dwarf with extremely variable foliage
  • Acer palmatum 'Masu murasaki' - a shrubby tree with purple leaves
  • Acer palmatum 'Mizu kuguri' - orange-tinted new growth and very wide habit
  • Acer palmatum 'Nigrum' - deep purple leaves turning to crimson
  • Acer palmatum 'Nishiki gawa' - pinetree-like bark desirable for bonsai trees
  • Acer palmatum 'Nomura nishiki' - dark purple, lace-like leaves
  • Acer palmatum 'Ojishi' - tiny dwarf, grows only a few centimetres per year
  • Acer palmatum 'Osakazuki' - tree-like shrub with spectacular autumn color
  • Acer palmatum 'Peaches and Cream' - similar to 'Aka shigitatsu sawa'
  • Acer palmatum 'Pink Filigree' - finely dissected, brownish-pink leaves
  • Acer palmatum 'Red Filigree Lace' - delicate, finely dissected, dark purple
  • Acer palmatum 'Red Pygmy' -
  • Acer palmatum 'Sango kaku' - Coral-bark Japanese maple (formerly 'Senkaki')- with pinkish-red bark
  • Acer palmatum 'Seiryu' - (see under 'Dissectum atropurpureum')
  • Acer palmatum 'Shaina' - a dwarf sport from 'Bloodgood'
  • Acer palmatum 'Shindeshojo' -
  • Acer palmatum 'Shikage ori nishiki' - vase-shaped shrub with dull purple foliage
  • Acer palmatum 'Shishigashira' -
  • Acer palmatum 'Skeeter's Broom' - derived from a 'Bloodgood' witch's broom
  • Acer palmatum 'Tamukeyama' - finely dissected, dark purple, cascading habit
  • Acer palmatum 'Trompenburg' - slender, upright grower, convex lobes, purple leaves
  • Acer palmatum 'Tsuma gaki' - yellow leaves with reddish-purple borders
  • Acer palmatum 'Yuba e' - upright tree with scarlet variegation

List of Maple (Acer) Vernacular Names

العربية: قيقب
azərbaycanca: Ağcaqayın
башҡортса: Саған
беларуская: Клён
བོད་ཡིག: གཡའ་ཤིང་།
bosanski: Javor
български: Явор
català: Auró
Чӑвашла: Вĕрене
česky: Javor
српски / srpski: Јавор
dansk: Løn-slægten
Deutsch: Ahorne
Diné bizaad: Sóól
eesti: Vaher
Ελληνικά: Σφένδαμος
English: Maple
español: Arce
Esperanto: Acero
euskara: Astigar
فارسی: افرا
français: Érable
furlan: Aier
Gaeilge: Mailp
Gaelg: Malpys
한국어: 단풍나무속
hornjoserbsce: Klon
hrvatski: Javor
Ирон: Тæгæр
íslenska: Hlynir
עברית: אדר (עץ)
ქართული: ნეკერჩხალი
қазақша: Үйеңкі
лакку: Мажи
Latina: Acer
latviešu: Kļavas
lietuvių: Klevas
magyar: Juhar
македонски: Јавор
мокшень: Уштор
Nederlands: Esdoorn
Nedersaksies: Plataan
日本語: カエデ
norsk (bokmål)‎: Lønneslekten
norsk (nynorsk)‎: Lønn
occitan: Agast
polski: Klon
português: Bordo
پنجابی: میپل
Runa Simi: Arsi
русский: Клён
Simple English: Maple
slovenčina: Javor
slovenščina: Javor
suomi: Vaahterat
svenska: Lönnsläktet
தமிழ்: மேப்பிள்
ไทย: เมเปิล
Tiếng Việt: Chi Phong
Türkçe: Akçaağaç
українська: Клен
中文: 枫属