Fir Tree Names and Types of the Abies Species

Picture of a Fir Tree
Korean Fir needles and cones (Abies koreana)
Cones and needles of Korean Fir
(Abies koreana)
Fir Bonsai Tree
Fir Bonsai Tree

Abies, Fir trees are a genus comprised of 66 taxa (species, subspecies and varieties) of evergreen conifer trees. Fir trees can be distinguished from other members of the pine family by their needle like leaves, attached to the twig by a base that looks like a small suction cup, and by erect cylindrical cones 5 to 25cm (2 to 10in) long that disintegrate at maturity to release the winged seeds.

Fir Trees are commonly used for Live Christmas Trees

Identification of the Abies species is based on the size and arrangement of the leaves and the size and shape of the cones, and whether the bract scales of the cones are long and exserted, or short and hidden inside the cone. Firs are most closely related to the Cedar (Cedrus) Genus. Fir trees are found through much of North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, occurring mostly in mountainous areas.

Facts about the Fir (Abies) Genus of Trees
  • Genus Latin Scientific Name = Abies.
  • Genus Latin Name Pronunciation: A-bees.
  • Genus Latin Name Meaning: Latin name for Silver Fir
  • Genus Common Names = Fir, List of other Fir (Abies) Vernacular Names
  • Number of Species, Taxa (types) in the Abies Genus = 66
List of Fir Trees, Abies Genus - All known species, taxa types, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second.
List of Fir Trees (Abies) Species Names
Botanical Tree NameCommon Tree Name
Abies alba Silver Fir
Abies amabilis Pacific silver Fir
Abies balsamea Balsam Fir
Abies balsamea var. balsamea Balsam Fir
Abies balsamea var. phanerolepis Bracted Balsam Fir
Abies beshanzuensis Baishanzu Fir
Abies bifolia Rocky Mountains Subalpine Fir
Abies borisii-regis Bulgarian Fir
Abies bracteata Bristlecone Fir
Abies cephalonica Greek Fir
Abies chengii Cheng's Fir
Abies chensiensis Shensi Fir
Abies chensiensis ssp. salouenensis Salween Fir
Abies cilicica Cilician Fir, Taurus Fir
Abies concolor White Fir
Abies concolor var. concolor White Fir
Abies concolor var. lowiana Low's White Fir
Abies delavayi Delavay's Fir
Abies densa Bhutan Fir
Abies durangensis Durango Fir
Abies durangensis var. coahuilensis Coahuila Fir
Abies fabri Faber's Fir
Abies fanjingshanensis Fanjingshan Fir
Abies fargesii Farges' Fir
Abies firma Momi Fir
Abies flinckii Jalisco Fir
Abies forrestii Forrest's Fir
Abies fraseri Fraser Fir
Abies grandis Grand Fir, Giant Fir
Abies grandis var. idahoensis Interior Grand Fir, Giant Fir
Abies guatemalensis Guatemalan Fir
Abies hickelii Hickel's Fir
Abies hickelii var. oaxacana Oaxaca Fir
Abies holophylla Manchurian Fir
Abies homolepis Nikko Fir
Abies kawakamii Taiwan Fir
Abies koreana Korean Fir
Abies lasiocarpa Coast Range Subalpine Fir
Abies lasiocarpa var. arizonica Corkbark Fir
Abies lasiocarpa var. bifolia Rocky Mountains Subalpine Fir
Abies lasiocarpa var. lasiocarpa Subalpine Fir
Abies magnifica Red Fir or California red Fir
Abies magnifica var. shastensis Shasta Red Fir
Abies mariesii Maries' Fir
Abies nebrodensis Sicilian Fir
Abies nephrolepis Khinghan Fir
Abies nordmanniana Nordmann Fir or Caucasian Fir
Abies nordmanniana ssp. bornmülleriana Uludağ Fir
Abies nordmanniana ssp. equi-trojani Kazdağı Fir, Turkish Fir
Abies numidica Algerian Fir
Abies pindrow Pindrow Fir
Abies pinsapo Spanish Fir
Abies pinsapo var. marocana Moroccan Fir
Abies procera Noble Fir
Abies recurvata Min Fir
Abies recurvata var. ernestii Min Fir
Abies religiosa Sacred Fir
Abies sachalinensis Sakhalin Fir
Abies sibirica Siberian Fir
Abies spectabilis East Himalayan Fir
Abies squamata Flaky Fir
Abies veitchii Christmas tree or Veitch's Fir
Abies veitchii var. sikokiana Shikoku Fir
Abies vejarii Vejar's Fir
Abies vejarii var. mexicana Mexican Fir
Abies yuanbaoshanensis Yuanbaoshan Fir
Abies ziyuanensis Ziyuan Fir

List of Fir (Abies) Vernacular Names

  • Boarisch: Taunner, Taunn
  • български: Ела
  • català: avet
  • česky: Jedle
  • српски / srpski: Јела
  • Dansk: Ædelgran
  • Deutsch: Tannen
  • Ελληνικά: Ελάτη
  • English: Fir
  • español: Abeto
  • Esperanto: Abio
  • français: Sapin
  • 한국어: 전나무속
  • hrvatski: Jele
  • עברית: אשוח
  • latviešu: Baltegles
  • lietuvių: Kėnis
  • македонски: Ела
  • Nederlands: Zilverspar
  • 日本語: モミ
  • Nordfriisk: Tanen
  • polski: Jodła
  • português: Abeto
  • română: Brad
  • русский: Пихта
  • slovenščina: Jelka
  • suomi: Pihdat
  • svenska: Ädelgranar
  • Tiếng Việt: Chi Linh sam
  • Türkçe: Göknar
  • українська: Ялиця
  • ייִדיש: יאָדלע
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